Islamic view on solar and lunar eclipses

Dr Muhammad Mahtab Hossain Mazed

28 May, 2021 12:00 AM printer

Islamic view on solar and lunar eclipses

The sun and the moon are the creations of God. As a proof of this, Allah has given ‘acceptance’ to them. This is a sign of the power of God. The eclipse of the sun and the eclipse of the moon convey to his worshipers as a warning from God that these two, like other creations, are God’s creation. They are not worthy of worship. Since they themselves are in danger, from which they cannot defend themselves, they cannot be worthy of worshipping. Rather, considering these two as signs of knowing God is indicative of true intelligence. Allah the Almighty says, ‘Meaning’ and among His Signs are the day, the night, the sun and the moon. You shall not prostrate to the sun nor to the moon; Prostrate yourselves to Allah, Who created them, if you serve Him sincerely. [Surah Fussilat, 41:36]

In the pre-Islamic era, people used to think that the sun or lunar eclipse used to give the message of birth, death or disaster and famine et cetera of a great man in the world. Islam has called this a misconception and considered the eclipse to be a special time of crisis for the sun and the moon. For this reason, the believers have been instructed to stop other activities at the time of solar or lunar eclipse and to perform dhikr, tasbih, dua, salat, et cetera of Allah. Moon and solar eclipse in the light of Hadith:

1. Narrated from Mughirah Ibn Shuba. He said that the eclipse took place on the day of the death of Ibrahim, the son of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). At that time, we were all saying that this was due to the death of Nabiputra. Hearing our conversation, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, ‘The sun and the moon are two of the innumerable signs of Allah. No moon or solar eclipse occurs as a result of death or birth. ‘[Bukhari, Assahih: 1043; Muslim, Assahih: 915]

2. Narrated from Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her): He said, in the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) Once there was an eclipse. As soon as the eclipse began, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) hurried to the mosque and invited everyone to come to the mosque. He stood in the prayers and did so for so long that he had never done so before in this Jamaat. Then he went to Ruku and made Ruku so long that he had never done it before. Then he stood up but did not prostrate and prolonged the second rak’ah. Then again he went to Ruku. When the ruku was over, he stood up and then went into prostration and did it for so long that he had never done it before. Then he stood up from the prostration and prayed the same prayer for the second time as in the first two rak’ahs.

By then the eclipse is over. When the prayers were over, he delivered a sermon praising Allah. He said, ‘The sun and the moon are two of the innumerable signs of Allah. No lunar or solar eclipse occurs as a result of someone’s death or birth. Therefore, whenever you see a lunar eclipse or a solar eclipse, call on Allah, proclaim His greatness and greatness, and engage in prayer. [Bukhari, Assahih: 1044; Muslim, Assahih: 901]

3. Narrated from Abu Bakr: He said, “We were with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).” At this time the solar eclipse begins. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) got up and pulled his cloak and entered the mosque, and so did we. He prayed two rak’ats with us until the sun came up. Then he said, ‘There is never a solar eclipse or a lunar eclipse because of someone’s death. When you see the solar eclipse, you will continue to pray and supplicate until this state is over. ‘[Bukhari, Assahih: 983] Numan Ibn Bashir It is narrated on the authority of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that he went out towards the mosque one day and the eclipse took place. Then he prayed in such a way that the sun became bright. Then he said, ‘The people of the age of ignorance used to say that the eclipse of the moon is not accepted without the death of a great person. But the moon and the sun are not accepted because of one’s birth or death, but they are two objects of God’s creation.

Allah Ta’ala creates whatever He wills in His creation. Therefore, if there is an eclipse between the sun and the moon, then you will continue to perform the prayers until it is enlightened or there is a new judgment from Allah Ta’ala. ‘[Nasai, Assunan: 1493]5. Narrated from Abu Musa. He said that there was a solar eclipse once in the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Then he stood up fearing that the great cataclysm of the Resurrection would take place. He quickly came to the mosque. He performed prayers with very long Qiyam, long Ruku and long Sijda. I have never seen such a thing in any other prayer. Then he said, ‘These signs sent by Allah are not for anyone’s death, nor for anyone’s birth. When you see some of these signs, you are in a state of panic and engage in remembrance, supplication and repentance of Allah. ‘[Muslim, Assahih: 1989] Eclipses (specially associated with the 7th date), from which another day or a primitive calendar is conceived.

An eclipse of the sun on June 25, 763 BCE is mentioned in an Assyrian inscription, which is very important for the chronology of the primitive East. There are also claims of more other solar eclipses in the east. Emperor Jung Kong beheaded two astronomers 4,000 years ago, Hisi and Ho, who are believed to have failed to predict a solar eclipse. Probably the earliest yet unconfirmed claim by Bruce Auntie, who allegedly linked an eclipse, which took place on May 10, 2606 BC, is the full story of some ancient floods.

Considering a possible meteor-effect in the Indian Ocean on the grounds, where there is a mention of a total solar eclipse. The eclipse is considered to be an occasion for prediction. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus wrote that Thales of Miletus foretold an eclipse that took place in the midst of an ongoing battle between the Medians and the Ledians. This eclipse caused the remaining uncertainty, although the matter has been read by hundreds of ancient and modern authorities. A possible prayer or aspiration was organised on May 26, 565 BC. Probably in Asia Minor near the Hellis River. Herodotus identifies an eclipse before Xerxes’ expedition against Greece, dated to 480 BC, which coincides with a circular solar eclipse marked by John Russell, which occurs in 48 BC.On 18 February. A partial eclipse was also observed from Persia, which occurred on October 2, 480 BC. Herodotus spoke of a solar eclipse in Sparta during the Persian Second Greek Invasion. The work of recording the eclipse of the Chinese began about 720 BC. In the 4th century BC, astronomer C. Sen described how the predictions of eclipses (sun or moon) were made by considering the relative positions of the moon and the sun. Radiating influence theory G. R. G. R.) existed among the Chinese. This thought was opposed by the 1st century philosopher Wang Chong, who made it clear in his writings that this theory was nothing new. The ancient Greeks, such as Parmenides and Aristotle, also supported the theory that reflected light was the cause of Chad’s radiation. Attempts have been made to establish the exact day of Good Friday in such a way that the darkness of Jesus’ crucifixion has been foreshadowed as a solar eclipse. Its research did not yield any final result. And Good Friday is marked as the date of the last Jewish feast of the Jews, which was organised during a full moon. Too much

More than any other solar eclipse, the maximum time limit is 8 minutes for any solar eclipse. Records of some reliable eclipses in the Western Hemisphere or the terrain are found as early as 800 BC, until the arrival of the Arabs in the early Middle Ages and the observance of monasteries. The first corona observations were made in 968AD, which took place in Constantinople. The first telescopic observation of a total solar eclipse was made in France in 1703 Nine years later, on May 3, 1715, the English astronomer Edmund Haley observed an eclipse of the sun. In 1842, the corona or luminosity was identified as a special part of the Sun’s atmosphere. Another total eclipse was photographed during the solar eclipse on July 26, 1751. During the solar eclipse of 18, spectroscopy was observed to help determine the composition or chemical composition of the sun’s chemical constituents. List of lunar eclipses and solar eclipses in the world 2021, followed by lunar eclipses on 26 May and solar eclipses on 10 June. May 26 fell on Wednesday. Thursday, June 10 There are solar eclipses. Then there is another lunar eclipse on 18-19 November. November 17 fell on Thursday. Friday, November 19. Then on Saturday, December 4, there is the last eclipse of 2021, that is, the last solar eclipse. May 26 fell on Wednesday. There is a solar eclipse on Thursday, June 10. Then there is another lunar eclipse on 18-19 November. November 17 fell on Thursday. Friday, November 19. Then there is the last eclipse of 2021 on Saturday, December 4, that is, the last solar eclipse and the full lunar eclipse will be on Wednesday (May 26). The eclipse will start at 5:09 a.m. Bangladesh time and end at 6:51 a.m. on the same day. One was sent from the Directorate of Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR). According to the notification, the lunar eclipse will start at 5:09 am and end at 6:51 am on Wednesday (May 26) in Bangladesh. Incidentally, the lunar eclipse occurs when the moon, sun and earth are in a straight line and the shadow of the earth falls on the moon. As the moon moves closer to the earth during the lunar eclipse, it becomes comparatively larger to see. Then that moon is also called Super Moon. In such a situation, the brightness of the moon seems to be relatively high. Meanwhile, according to the Meteorological Office, there is a possibility of clouds in the sky of Bangladesh on the day of lunar eclipse. The lunar eclipse will not be visible from the regions where there will be clouds in the sky during the eclipse. The lunar eclipse will start from 2:41 pm in Dhaka and will end at 3:51:18 pm, according to the Climate Division. Mymensingh will start at 2:42:42 p.m. It will start at 3:53 pm, start at 2:32:16 pm in Chittagong and end at 3:42:38 pm, start at 2:38:16 pm in Sylhet and end at 3:47:38 pm, start at 2:42 pm in Khulna. Seconds and will end at 3:52:42 pm, starting at 2:39 pm in Barisal and ending at 3:53:16 pm, starting at 2:48:54 pm in Rajshahi and ending at 3:59:12 pm, starting at 2:49 pm in Rangpur The Moon will enter the Pacific Island in the southwest from Titcorn Island in the United States to the south, and the Moon will enter the South Pacific Ocean southeast from Pepit Island in French Polynesia. The eclipse will begin southeast from the island of Allophy in the United States, the central eclipse will occur east of Tonga in the southeastern ocean, and the Pacific northeast from the island of Nuqualofa in Tonga A full moon eclipse will occur in the ocean, a lunar eclipse will occur from Loyalty Island in the United States to the south in the South Pacific Ocean, and a lunar eclipse from Macau to Coral Island in the west.

Finally, according to the Sunnah, we should seek protection from Allah through prayers during the eclipse of the moon or the sun, and we should act accordingly and reject all superstitions and ignorance.

 

The writer did MA Kamil Hadith from Islamic University Dhaka. He is the health secretary of the Green Movement Executive Council, E-mail, [email protected]


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