The allocation for the education sector in the proposed national budget for 2019-20 fiscal increased to 11.68 percent of the total allocation from 11.41 percent of the outgoing financial year.
The percentage of allocation for development budget in the proposed budget also increased to 10.22 percent from the previous year’s 8.75 percent.Finance Minister AHM Mustafa Kamal placed the proposed national budget of Tk 5,23,190 crore with the annual development programme allocation of Tk 2,02,721 crore in Jatiya Sangsad on Thursday for upcoming fiscal.
The government has proposed increasing allocation for the education sector to Tk 61,118 crore in the budget for the next fiscal year compared to the allocation in the outgoing fiscal year.
The budgetary allocation Tk 53,054 crore for education sector in the 2018-2019 fiscal year.
Education ministry will get Tk 37,077 crore of the total allocation in the upcoming fiscal year. The budget in the outgoing fiscal year was Tk 30,588 crore for the ministry.
Tk 24,041 has been allocated to the primary and mass education ministry. The allocation was Tk 22,466 crore in the 2018-19 fiscal year.
Of Tk 37,077 crore amount, Tk 29,624 crore has been allocated to the secondary and higher secondary education division while Tk 7,453 crore to the technical and madrasha education division.In the revised budget for the 2018-19 fiscal year, the allocation to the secondary and higher secondary education was Tk 25,867 crore while Tk 5,757 crore was allocated for technical and madrasha education.
In his budget speech, the finance minister said, “With the aim of creating skilled human resource, targets have been set for the overall improvement of education, reducing discrimination in education, achieving quality, excellence, and expansion of education.”
Kamal said, “The world is witnessing a transition from the Third Industrial Revolution to the Fourth Industrial Revolution. We will have to prepare ourselves to keep pace with the rest of the world. Otherwise, our future will be at stake.”
About the quality of education, he said Bangladesh achieved a great success in enrolling students both at primary and secondary levels maintaining gender parity. “Now, the main challenge for us is to improve the quality of education and expand primary education,” the minister added.
Kamal said various measures including nationalization of 26,193 private primary schools, enactment of the Non-Formal Education Act, distribution of stipends through mobile banking, improvement of infrastructures in the newly nationalized and existing primary schools, distribution of free text books, supplying computers and multimedia to schools, and improvement of various education related infrastructures have been adopted to ensure quality and universal primary education.
He stated that the government will build infrastructures for schools, conduct basic literacy program throughout the country to build a fully literate Bangladesh, and expand digital primary education through the use of ICT.
The capacity of primary school teachers will be enhanced by providing practical and modern trainings home and abroad to meet the standard of modern education.
Kamal also said that a total of 2 lakh 67 thousand secondary school teachers have already been provided with trainings during the last two fiscal years, and 1 lakh 3 thousand secondary school teachers and 3 lakh 13 thousand ICT teachers will be given trainings in the current fiscal year.
He said an annual increment of 5 percent on the basic salary is being provided from July 2018 to teachers and employees of MPO-enlisted non-government schools. Besides, a Baishakhi Bonus amounting to 20 percent of the basic salary is being provided from the FY2018-19.
The minister said from FY2018-19, special grants for academic institutions, teachers and students are being provided through the online system, and payments are made through mobile bank.
About the technical education, he said steps have been taken to expand technical and vocational education to meet the growing demand for technical manpower while the government has also undertaken measures to diversify the technical and vocational education programmes.
The finance minister said construction of technical schools in 100 upazilas at a cost of Tk. 2, 281.69 crore in the preliminary phase is underway with a view to establishing one technical school at each upazila to create skilled manpower in Bangladesh.
The government has taken numerous steps for the development and modernization of madrasa education. Free text books are being distributed at Dakhil and Ebtedaayee levels to remove discrimination in education. A total of 1,800 new madrasas are being established in the country, he added.