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First-ever deceased donor kidney transplant in Bangladesh

  • Staff Correspondent
  • 20 January, 2023 12:00 AM
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First-ever deceased donor kidney transplant in Bangladesh
Sarah Islam: The donor

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Doctors at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) have successfully transplanted kidneys from a brain-dead patient into two female patients.

It was the country's first-ever cadaveric kidney transplantation (the process of transplanting kidneys from brain-dead medical patients) successfully performed by the Bangladeshi doctors.

Separate surgeries were conducted at the BSMMU and the National Kidney Foundation hospitals to transplant the two kidneys into the two patients.

Addressing a press conference at Milton Hall of the BSMMU, its Vice-Chancellor Prof Dr Sharfuddin Ahmed said a team of doctors led by Prof Dr Habibur Rahman Dulal of the university’s urology department successfully transplanted the kidneys from a brain-dead patient on Wednesday night.

The BSMMU’s Urology department, Nephrology, Anaesthesia, Analgesia and Intensive Care Medicine were involved in the process of the cadaveric kidney transplantation operation.

The kidney recipients are two female patients. A kidney was transplanted in Shamima, 34, a resident of city’s Mirpur area, in the BSMMU hospital while another kidney was transplanted in another patient, Hasina Akter, 34,inthe Kidney Foundation Hospital. Another team of doctors led by BSMMU Urology Department  professor Dr AKM Khurshid Alam performed the surgery in the Kidney Foundation Hospital.

The recipients of the kidneys were two female patients and they are reportedly recovering well after the surgeries.

A patient named Sarah Islam, 20, daughter of schoolteacher Shabnam Sultana and Shahidul Islam, was the organ donor. She was suffering from rare genetic disease. She went brain-dead after getting surgery. Sarah Islam at a time donated two kidneys and two corneas.

Earlier, Prof Dr Habibur Rahman Dulal removed the organs and collected from the body of Sarah Islam for reuse.

Sarah Islam was suffering from tuberous sclerosis, also known as tuberous sclerosis complex. It is a rare genetic condition that causes mainly non-cancerous (benign) tumours to develop in different parts of the body since her age 10 months. She was a first-year student of Fine Arts at a private university.

Sarah was undergoing treatment under the supervision of Dr Kamrul Huda at the ICU of BSMMU.

Sarah's condition worsened after the surgery.  The doctors counselled her mother when they realised she was heading toward being in a brain-dead state. Then, her mother gave permission for transplanting Sarah's kidneys and corneas, the BSMMU VC said.

Both corneas donated by Sarah were also transplanted into two patients on Thursday.

Sarah’s namaz-e-janaza was held at the BSMMU Jame mosque at 8:00am on Thursday. Then, she was buried at the Azimpur graveyard.

Kidney transplantation from living donors began in the country in 1982. But taking a kidney from a clinically dead patient was legally restricted here. Later, in 2018, the organ donation law was amended allowing collection of organs from the clinically dead with consent from relatives.