Tuesday, 24 May, 2022
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Ensure conservation of Bengal Tigers

Ensure conservation of Bengal Tigers

Bengal Tigers are the pride of our country. They have been a symbol of magnificence, power, beauty and fierceness. At the same time, they have been associated with bravery and valour. They play a pivotal role in the diversity of an ecosystem. Their presence in the forest is an indicator of a well maintained ecosystem. Bangladesh, which shares with India 60 percent of the Sundarbans, hosts most of these wildcats. But, the climate change effects, reduction in the flow of water, and rise in the salinity have been affecting the Sundarbans resulting in its fast depletion. Industrial development, building of new roads, increasing poaching incidents, and a lack of joint plan between Bangladesh and the world's tiger range countries are also driving them out from their habitat. Presently, tigers in the wild are facing extinction threats. There has been steep decline in the tiger population. In 2004, the tiger population was 440 in our part of the Sundarbans. Following a dreadful fall in its number, it came down to 106 in 2017.

Finally, the forest department woke up from slumber. It took initiatives for the conservation of the big cat by carrying out round-the-clock smart patrols in the forest. The efforts yielded good results as the latest census conducted in 2018 said that there are 114 Bengal tigers in the Sundarbans. The country is now struggling to protect the threatened tiger population. Tiger poaching is said to be one of the major reasons for the significant fall in its number. First of all, poaching must have to be stopped in the forests at any cost. Stricter measures should be taken against the poachers. Besides halting poaching, much more efforts should be taken to protect the tigers.

Experts fear that these rare cats may vanish in the next 50 years, due to climate change in the world's largest mangrove forest, especially in the Bangladeshi part. Their forecast is alarming indeed! A political will and a joint plan with the world's 13 tiger range countries are essential to reverse the climate change impact in the Sundarbans and thus save the tiger population.