PARIS: A growing number of countries are taking on gig economy giants like Uber, Bolt and Deliveroo by giving their workers—who are routinely treated as freelancers—full employment rights.
With the European Union executive tabling new proposals Thursday to clear up the grey area, here is a snapshot of recent decisions shaking up the sector, reports AFP.
The country’s left-wing government acted after the supreme court ruled on the issue.
The British takeaway food delivery app Deliveroo pulled out of Spain in November, but other platforms have decided to adapt, or tried to get around the law.
Italy struck a deal this month to improve conditions for riders for food delivery platforms.
Prosecutors in Milan initially began looking at working conditions for delivery riders following a spate of road accidents, and the probe was eventually extended throughout the country.
In February prosecutors told Foodinho-Glovo, Uber Eats Italy, Just Eat Italy and Deliveroo Italy that their riders cannot be considered as freelancers but as employees who receive wages.
Unions, however, are taking cases through the courts.
A Dutch court ruled in September that Uber drivers in the Netherlands are effectively under an employment contract. Uber has appealed the ruling.
Deliveroo claimed victory Wednesday after a Brussels labour court says its riders are not employees.
But at the end of November, an appeal court in the capital said a 2015 ban on private individuals offering taxi services also applies to apps like Uber.
In March, following a ruling by Britain’s High Court, Uber agreed to give its UK drivers workers’ entitlements including holiday pay and a pension.
Its 70,000 drivers there will now earn at least the minimum wage when driving for the taxi app.
The Biden administration in May blocked a rule handed down under former US president Donald Trump that would have prevented gig workers from demanding a minimum wage or overtime. The state of California voted in 2019 to recognise gig economy workers as employees but digital giants including Uber and Lyft refused to comply with the law.
Instead, they bankrolled a referendum that effectively overturned it. Under it, drivers and delivery riders remain independent contractors but are to be paid minimum wages and a contribution to healthcare and insurance.