Vapour Heat Treatment

Would-be catalyst of mango export

19 July, 2021 12:00 AM printer

Despite having great demand for tropical fruits like mango and papaya, the producing countries often face difficulty in exporting these fruits in temperate climate countries, as the latter countries sometimes show a reluctant approach to importing untreated fruits to avoid tropical insects to their lands. While pesticides provide farmers with the opportunities to get bumper harvests by killing insects, concerns have risen at the same time because of the health hazard of insect killers. Therefore it is pleasing to know that the government has decided to set up three Vapour Heat Treatment plants – a method of heating fruit with air saturated with water vapour to kill insect eggs and larvae as a quarantine treatment before fresh market shipment.

Though the demand for Bangladeshi mangoes has already been created in the international market, the export market is not expectedly expanded. Some limitations in quarantine and processing put a bar on export market expansions as post-harvesting and ensuring quality is necessary. Vapour Heat Treatment plants are expected to come as a solution to the problems and, therefore, be a catalyst for the expansion of mango export. It is undeniable that expediting the application of modern agro-technology to the sector can make Bangladesh mangoes stand out in the overseas market and increase export earnings from this agro product, which is still negligible.

It has been learned that the consumption of mangoes in Europe is rising despite difficulties in sourcing and the preference for local seasonal fruit. As a reliable supply is one of the major issues to maintain stability in the market, initiatives should be taken to maintain the supply chain of these seasonal fruits throughout the year. To achieve the target, storage systems can be established in the country, which would reduce wastage, help supply the king of fruits all around the year and help get a good price in the off-season in the international market along with the local market. At the same time, we should maintain the quality and competitiveness to increase the volume of exports. If Bangladesh can maintain international quality in production, exporting thousands of tonnes of mango per year would be possible in the near future.