Dhaka has ranked 137th among the 140 cities of the world in the Livability Index 2021 of the Economist Intelligence Unit published on Wednesday.
With the position, Dhaka has become the fourth least livable city in the world with 33.5 points in five broad categories: stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education, and infrastructure.Dhaka ranked 138th in 2019 and 139th in 2018 in the Livability Index of the EIU.
The EIU cancelled the Global Livability Index 2020 as lockdowns over Covid-19 pandemic prompted its in-city contributors and expert analysts to become unable to collect comprehensive, fair and representative data from many of the cities. Auckland rose to the first place, replacing Vienna, which crashed out of the top 10 as the island nations of New Zealand, Australia and Japan fared best, reports Reuters.
Dhaka scored 55 in stability, 16.7 in healthcare, 30.8 in culture and environment, 33.3 in education and 26.8 in infrastructure.
In 2019, Dhaka scored 55 in stability, 29.2 in healthcare, 40.5 in culture and environment, 41.7 in education and 26.8 in infrastructure. In 2018, Dhaka scored 50 in stability, 29.2 in healthcare, 40.5 in culture and environment, 41.7 in education and 26.8 in infrastructure.
Among other Asian countries, only Pakistan's Karachi is among the 10 least livable cities as it ranked 134th.
War-torn Damascus, the capital of Syria, continues to remain the worst livable city in the world."The Covid-19 pandemic has taken a heavy toll on global livability," the EIU said.
"Cities across the world are now much less livable than they were before the Covid-19 pandemic began, and we've seen that regions such as Europe have been hit particularly hard,” it also said.
Talking to the Daily Sun, General Secretary of Bangladesh Institute of Planners Adil Mohammed Khan said, “Our city is now in a worse condition than what the EIU report says because they make report on some specific indictors and don’t include important indicators like housing facilities.”
Adil also said, “The reason behind the worst condition of the city is the construction of infrastructure willfully and taking development project without showing respect to the ideal planning and co-ordination. As a result, we’re not getting the benefit of the development and the city is growing in an unplanned manner.”
“The main Dhaka city has grown in an unplanned way. Now the government is expanding the capital. It is a piece of good news for us that the authorities have devised some plans for the development of the extended part under two city corporations. If we can develop the part in a planned way, it will be a bit relief for us,” Adil added.