DO You Know?

16 May, 2019 12:00 AM printer

•    ‘The Door to Hell’ refers to a massive natural gas field crater with continuously burning fire.

•    The actual name of Door to Hell is Derweze crater because it is located in Derweze, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan.

•    The natural gas field is located close to Derweze village and sits right in the middle of Karakum Desert.

•    The gas reserve of the field is the world’s largest gas reserve. Derweze in English translates into ‘gate’. This is possibly what gave birth to the crater’s namesake.

•    The Door to Hell is the name given to the crater by the locals. The name was drawn from the fact that the crater not only hosts a fire that burns continuously but hosts boiling mud. The orange flame and the boiling mud together give the image of hell as etched into human subconscious mind by religion.

•    In 1971, a group of petroleum engineers from Soviet Union thought that the field was a large and sustainable oil reserve. Based on their incorrect measurements and data, the Soviet engineers started drilling operations so that they could successfully assess the gas reserves of the area. The engineers were elated with joy upon discovery of natural gas and started storing the same. However, an accident took place in the place.

•    The fire of the Door to Hell has been burning ever since then. It has been 44 years now since the fire was lit and there is absolutely no sign of the fire going out anytime soon.

•    The first person ever to set foot at the bottom of the crater was George Kourounis. He went down to gather extremophile microbes.