Gifted Child: An Analysis Of The Criteria

Magazine Desk

31 January, 2019 12:00 AM printer

Gifted Child: An 
Analysis Of The Criteria

All parents want to believe that their children are special and unique. But until a certain age, it is very difficult for the parents to identify whether their children are actually gifted or not. Moreover, there is a common misconception that giftedness of children only becomes apparent when they start school. Though it is true that IQ tests and other assessments at school can help identify giftedness, even then there are some symptoms through which family members and relatives can identify the children who are extra-ordinary. Here we put a list of characteristics in terms of general intellectual ability of gifted children which may help you:

•    Gifted kids are often curious about the world around them and may ask detailed questions to satisfy their thirst for knowledge. This curiosity goes beyond simple interest in a topic and can extend to aspects that are seemingly outside of the scope of a lesson. In a school setting, the child may not be satisfied with only learning what is necessary in order to do well in an exam or completing an assignment. At home, there may not always be time or the background knowledge required to provide answers. While this can be frustrating for parents and children alike, it is important to avoid discouraging a child from asking questions as this can be de-motivating and shut down future communication attempts.

•    One of the first things people notice about gifted children is their vocabulary. While most children are able to form recognizable sentences and understand complex language by about 2 years of age, gifted children often reach these milestones earlier. They often understand and use more words than their peers, including abstract and figurative language. It can be due to a heightened sensitivity to syntax and an ability to guess the meaning of new words from particular contexts. It is also easier for these kids to remember words, as they require less repetition in order to acquire language. As a result, they may feel more at ease communicating with adults due to their advanced language skills. Nonetheless, it is still important to encourage a child to engage with his or her peers to prevent them from becoming isolated due to perceived differences in intellectual ability.

•    A child with giftedness is an original thinker and able to access abstract reasoning and bring together ideas from different areas. They may have a wild imagination and develop their own sophisticated stories and songs. These examples of creative work can contain complex language and show an advanced appreciation for humour.


•    Children who are gifted may teach themselves how to read and write before they learn these from school. They often have advanced cognitive reasoning skills and a good memory. Some estimates suggest that an average student needs to hear something repeated 8-15 times in order to acquire it, whereas a gifted child may only need to encounter a word, fact or idea 1-2 times. They learn quickly and do not require as much practice as other children to develop new skills.

•    From a young age the gifted child is very alert and tuned into his or her environment. Some have acute concentration skills and can easily become hyper-focused on a task. It is through engaging with new stimuli that they are able to develop cognitively. That is why it is important to ensure that gifted children receive adequate stimulation.

•    These children may be quite opinionated and have strong feelings about topics that are important to them. They can also be more aware of the opinions and feelings of other people. However, this does not necessarily translate into knowing how to deal with this information through appropriate social channels. They may be quite emotional. Because some gifted kids are extremely self-aware, it can cause them to become introvert and feel that they do not fit in. This is one reason why parents may choose to move a child into a gifted program where they will have other intellectually advanced kids as peers.

   •           Whereas bright students look to please the teacher and finish assignments, gifted children often have their own way of going about things. This can be due to a desire to focus on only one aspect of a topic or a perceived lack of challenge in the task itself.