World Bank reports Bangladesh is covered by only 10.95 per cent of forest area in 2016 which was 10.98 per cent in the previous year. The fast paced infrastructural development and urbanisation of Bangladesh are taking toll on the amount of her forest area. According to the Food and Agricultural Organisation, the country lost 840,000 hectares of forest cover between 1990 and 2010 and the rate of loss of forests is 42,000 hectares per year.
As the city grows bigger it leaves less room for vegetation and if we fail to restore the lost vegetation we will suffer in the long run. Our government needs to be more attentive to this matter by raising awareness among people. There are now a lot of alternative solutions to this land shortage problem. Hydroponic system doesn’t even need soil therefore it can be installed on the roof tops. Government should take the lead to provide all types of assistance and training in this regard.Again, different countries are also moving towards the idea of micro-gardening on roof tops and even inside houses. With this idea, even offices can also be turned into beautiful source of fresh oxygen and all it requires is some training and equipment.
Government needs to start promoting the positive aspects of tree plantation by some strategic steps. Government can boost rooftop gardening by giving tax reduction for such houses, special facilities for gardeners and easy access to seminars and workshops in the cities etc. If buildings can be turned into individual micro-forest, then overall green area in Bangladesh can increase.
S. M. Rashed Hasan, Department of Business Administration, East West University