SYDNEY: The world's eight billion people have begun ushering in 2023 and bidding farewell to a turbulent 12 months marked by war in Europe, stinging price rises, Lionel Messi's World Cup glory and the deaths of Queen Elizabeth, Pele and former pope Benedict, reports AFP.
Many will be looking to cut loose this New Year's Eve after a few pandemic-dampened years, setting aside pinched budgets and a virus that is increasingly forgotten but not gone.
Australia's borders have reopened and throngs of revellers gathered along Sydney's sparkling harbour to watch 100,000 pyrotechnics light up the southern sky.
A crowd that had been projected to hit more than one million watched as a spectacular 12-minute display showered the waterway and illuminated the Sydney Harbour Bridge.
It's been a fairly good year for us; getting past Covid of course is great, David Hugh-Paterson told AFP as he waited in a growing crowd near the Sydney Opera House.
Looking forward to the future as well, the 52-year-old said.
Sydney authorities expected almost half a billion more people would see the festivities online or on television. If we can bring everyone together in celebration and looking to the year ahead with renewed optimism and joy, then we'll see that as a job well done, fireworks organiser Fortunato Foti had said.
It also saw the deaths of Queen Elizabeth II, Brazilian football icon Pele, Mikhail Gorbachev, Jiang Zemin, and Shinzo Abe. Former pope Benedict XVI also died on New Year's Eve.
The global population surpassed the historic milestone of eight billion people in November.
But 2022 is most likely to be remembered for armed conflict returning to Europe -- a continent that was the crucible of two world wars.
More than 300 days into Russia's botched invasion of Ukraine, about 7,000 civilians have been killed and 10,000 more injured, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
About 16 million Ukrainians have fled their homes. For those who remain, an 1100 pm to 500 am curfew will be in place amid periodic blackouts and Russian missile barrages.
The latest Russian strikes on Saturday targeted several regions, including the capital Kiev, where at least one person was killed and several wounded, Ukrainian officials said.
While some Ukrainians will mark New Year with quiet candlelit prayers, others intend to party through the night in a collective show of resolve.
In past years, people always stayed with us until three or four in the morning, so staying here for another hour or two will not be a problem, said Kyiv restaurateur Tetyana Mytrofanov.
There seems to be a dulled appetite for grand celebrations in Vladimir Putin's Russia.
Moscow has cancelled its traditional fireworks show after Mayor Sergei Sobyanin asked residents to vote on how to mark the occasion.
Muscovites such as Irina Shapovalova, a 51-year-old nursery worker, said their main wish for 2023 was for a peaceful sky above our heads.
State-owned broadcaster VGTRK has promised to provide a New Year's atmosphere, despite the changes in the country and the world.
Putin said in a New Year's address that moral, historical rightness is on Russia's side as the country faces international condemnation over the war.
As Russia's Far East regions rang in the New Year, the Russian leader delivered his traditional midnight speech standing among soldiers who fought in Ukraine, according to Russian news agencies.
The new year will kick off with a new leader in Brazil, where Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva takes the reins on Sunday following his razor-thin win in October polls.
However, China begins 2023 battling a surge in Covid infections after unwinding restrictions to contain the virus.
While vaccines have allowed life to return to semi-normal in most parts of the world, the virus is continuing to thwart China's attempts to move on.
Hospitals in the world's most populous nation have been overwhelmed by an explosion of cases following the decision to lift strict zero-Covid rules.
New Year's Eve parties are still planned in innumerable bars, theatres and malls.
But authorities in Shanghai have said there will be no formal activities on the city's famed Bund waterfront.
Chinese President Xi Jinping told the country in a televised New Year's Eve address that, despite the outbreak, the light of hope is right in front of us.