Monday, 6 February, 2023

Islamic way of celebrating victory

Dr Muhammad Obaidullah

Victories and defeats form part of everyone's life. Recently, football teams of different countries took tastes of victory and defeat in Qatar, the host country of FIFA World Cup-2022.  On December 16, 1971, Bangladesh tasted victory after nine-month bloody war with the Pakistani military junta. The memory of Bangladesh Liberation War will remain ever-fresh in memory of hearts of millions of Bengalee people. The day reminds all to fight against the tyrannies of cruel rulers.

According to Islamic history, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also tasted victory and defeat at different stages of His noble life. He (PBUH) along with all His companions had to leave their homeland Makkah and migrated to Madinah. Although, it was the situational demand and a noble policy for finally wining according to Allah’s will, it was very painful for everyone to leave their homes, relatives, wealth etc. Even the Prophet (PBUH) looked back again and again to Ka’aba and to Makkah while leaving for Madinah that history mentioned. The Qurayish people were not happy for only leaving the Makkah, they wanted to vanish Islam and all the Muslims as the first battle of Badr staged in the history and thus, consequently battles of Uhud, Khandak, Banu Mustaliq and so on. Many Muslims had to sacrifice their lives and numbers were injured forever. Prophet (PBUH) along with His approximately 3,000 companions had to come back from holy travel to Makkah for Umrah after a treaty in Hudaibiyya. Many Muslims were unable to understand the wisdom of this treaty and thus, they were so unhappy including Umar (R.).

But, only after eight years of migration and two years of the treaty, Muslims were able to win Makkah and it was the great victory of Islam and Muslims which is known as the Conquest of Mecca in the history. The event returned to Muslims a lot of things that can’t be expressed in words. On the day of victory of Makkah without a drop of blood, the Prophet (PBUH) delivered a short speech that includes the guidelines of this historical celebration. Nobody was allowed to take any revenge, kill any innocent people, damage any property, do anything harm to anyone who are peaceful and peacefully living in their house and especially in the house of Abu Sufyan (R) who, in his early age, was the greatest enemy of Islam and Muslims; the master mind to drive away all Muslims from Makkah to Abyssinia and later to Madinah. He (PBUH) made a general amnesty to all on that day. Abu Sufyan could not believe this statement; thus, he sent a representative to the Prophet (PBUH) to be confirmed the authenticity of this.

Abu Sufyan along with his disciples were greatly surprised and accepted Islam. (See: Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 4280) Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) taught His companions how to celebrate the victory and freedom. The Qur’an also provides guidelines for celebrating it in a buffeting way. He (PBUH) taught us not to be arrogant, despised, revengeful, vindictive rather, to be loyal to the Creator. All in His power. So, we must be thankful and praising to His Exalted (SWT) after anything we gain or win. Victory makes us more responsible towards others. After winning all in His (PBUH) life, Allah (SWT) asked Him to praise His Lord and to seek forgiveness although the Prophet (PBUH) was innocent and free from any sin and out of any questionable deeds. (See: al-Qru’an, Surah al-Nasr, 110: 3) Yet, He (PBUH) was skeptical, despite the assurance of deliverance from all previous sins. He (PBUH) was so careful either He could do His job properly or not? Because His responsibility and victory made Him more accountable to His task. The anxiety aroused in His (PBUH) farewell speech on the top of Jabal al-Rahma, in Arafat. He (PBUH) wanted to learn either He could be able to do His responsibility properly or not from the crowd people. The people said together “Absolutely.” He (PBUH) looked at the sky and said: “Ya Allah, you are the witness, you are the witness, you are the witness.”

It proves that victory makes us more accountable to our tasks and dutiful to others. In Islam, all we must answer the questions which will be asked on the day of Judgement. We all are responsible for what we are doing in this worldly life. A believer must learn the bounties he is availing in his life. He must be thankful to His Lord for this and dutiful to others. Victory and freedom are among other significant bounties of Allah (SWT). May Allah (SWT) guide us to follow the right path.


The writer is a researcher on Islamic views on contemporary issues