Monday, 6 February, 2023

Global University Rankings and Bangladesh

Dr P R Datta

The world university ranking is essential for prospective students choosing which institution to attend. The ranking provides a way to compare institutions on a global scale and make an informed decision about where to pursue one's education. There are many benefits to attending a top-ranked university, such as access to better resources, opportunities to network with other high-achieving students, and increased chances of getting into top graduate programs. A strong university ranking can also be a source of pride for alumni and the institution itself. Therefore, university rankings play an increasingly important role in the decision-making process for both students and universities.

Bangladesh has made significant progress in terms of economic development and social improvement in recent years. However, the country's universities have not kept up with this growth and have fallen behind their counterparts in other parts of the world. This is cause for concern because a robust university system is critical for sustaining economic development and ensuring that the country's workforce is ready to meet the demands of the twenty-first century. The number of colleges and universities has grown dramatically, and the quality of education has improved to some extent. A growing number of private universities also contribute significantly to overall education improvement. However, Bangladeshi universities have a long way to go before they can compete with the best in the world. As a result, the Bangladesh Higher Education Sector must become more agile and improve the quality of education and research. That is why global university rankings are critical for Bangladesh. They provide a target to aim for and indicate where improvements can be made. As a result, prospective students should consider world university rankings when deciding which university to attend. For university administrators, the rankings can be used to compare your institution to others and identify areas for improvement. In any case, world university rankings are an essential part of Bangladesh's educational landscape.

The world university ranking has become an increasingly important metric for assessing the quality of higher education institutions in recent years. This is especially true for Bangladeshi universities, which are working hard to improve their international standing and attract more international students. The world university ranking provides an informative comparative evaluation of institutions based on various factors such as research productivity, teaching quality, and graduate employability. Bangladeshi universities can identify areas for improvement to compete on a global stage by benchmarking against leading institutions worldwide. Furthermore, the world university ranking is essential for marketing Bangladeshi universities to international students. A high ranking can help to instil trust in the quality of education available and encourage more students to consider studying in Bangladesh. After all, these rankings provide an objective assessment of a university's educational quality. Furthermore, world university rankings can help a Bangladeshi university raise its profile and attract more students, faculty, and funding.

There are many reasons why world university rankings are essential for Bangladeshi universities. Firstly, these rankings provide a valuable information source for prospective students considering studying in Bangladesh. By looking at the world rankings, students can get an idea of which universities in Bangladesh are the most prestigious and offer the best education. This is important because it means that Bangladeshi universities can attract more international students, which benefitsthe university and the country. Secondly, world university rankings can also be used by employers as a way of assessing the quality of graduates from Bangladeshi universities. If employers see that a particular university is highly ranked, they will be more likely to consider hiring its graduates. This is important because it means that graduates from Bangladeshi universities are more likely to find employment. Finally, world university rankings can also be used by the government to assess the quality of education in Bangladesh. If the government sees that Bangladeshi universities are highly ranked, it will be more likely to invest in them and provide more funding. This is important because it means Bangladeshi universities can improve their facilities and attract more high-quality faculty members.

There are several other reasons why the world university ranking is so important: It provides a global perspective. The world university ranking offers students a valuable international view of higher education. It enables them to compare institutions worldwide and make an informed decision about which is best for them. Second, it aids students in selecting the appropriate course. It enables students to make informed decisions about which courses will best meet their needs by providing information on the quality of teaching, research, and facilities at each institution. Third, it encourages competition among institutions by providing a transparent means of comparing their performance. This enables universities to improve their standards, benefiting students and employers constantly. Fourth, the world university ranking raises awareness of the vast array of higher education opportunities available around the world. Many students may be exposed to institutes outside of their home country for the first time, which can open up a new world of possibilities for their future studies.

There are several reasons why Bangladesh's universities cannot keep pace with the country's economic growth. One reason is that the government has not invested sufficiently in education. This lack of investment has resulted in a scarcity of resources and facilities at universities, making it difficult for them to attract and retain top students and faculty. Furthermore, political interference has limited university autonomy, stifled innovation and is preventing universities from adapting to changing needs. As a result of these challenges, Bangladesh's universities are ranked very low on international rainspout. Of over 155 public and private universities, only two (Dhaka University and Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology) are listed in QS, ranking in the top 1000 but in the bottom 200 in 2022. The situation does not appear to be improving over the last decade. This low ranking is cause for concern because it indicates that Bangladesh's universities are not providing quality education to their students. This is likely to negatively impact the country's economy, as a skilled and educated workforce is required to sustain economic growth.

Furthermore, low-ranking universities are less likely to attract top students and faculty from all over the world, limiting their ability to generate new knowledge and ideas. To address this issue, the government must devote more resources to education, including financial investments and policies that promote university autonomy and academic freedom. Only by addressing these issues will Bangladesh be able to improve its global university rankings and provide quality education to its students.

While it is a well-known fact that Bangladeshi universities perform poorly in the QS world university ranking, Bangladeshi universities continue to struggle. None of the universities in Bangladesh has made it into the top 800 in the world. In addition to a lack of investment, there are numerous other reasons for this. First, the standard of education in Bangladeshi universities falls short of expectations. This is because universities lack the resources necessary to offer quality education. The infrastructure is inadequate, and there are insufficiently qualified faculty members. As a result, students do not receive a quality education and cannot compete with students from other nations. Second, universities in Bangladesh lack adequate research facilities. This is because they lack the financial resources to invest in research. As a result, they are incapable of producing new knowledge and keeping up with the most recent advancements in their field. Thirdly, Faculty perspectives on research and innovation. I have repeatedly observed that many faculty members are unwilling to devote time to research and the improvement of their teaching methods. There appears to be a very fixed mindset that prevents them from unlearning to relearn. To provide quality education, faculty must possess the most adaptable and growth-oriented mentality possible. Fourthly, the university admissions process in Bangladesh is not up to international standards.There is no central admissions examination, and each university administers its entrance exam, which confuses students. In addition, admission is based on HSC exam scores, which do not reflect a student's true potential. Therefore, Bangladesh is losing talented students who have the potential to make its universities world-class. Corruption is a major reason why Bangladeshi universities perform poorly in international rankings. Corruption is unfortunately pervasive in all sectors of Bangladesh, including education, and this has resulted in a decline in standards at all levels in Bangladesh. As a result, it has become exceedingly difficult for honest and diligent individuals to succeed here, hindering our universities' development.

These are some significant reasons why Bangladeshi universities perform poorly in international rankings. If something is not done soon, it may be impossible for them to catch up with their global counterparts. It is high time for the government and other relevant authorities to take action to improve the situation. Otherwise, Bangladesh's future will be jeopardised. Higher education requires complete restructuring as well as increased funding. To support research and innovation, optimal resources are needed. It is also critical to establish a centralised research mechanism, such as the Bangladesh Research Council, to promote research and innovation in the higher education sector, as well as appropriate measures to ensure universities are active and contribute adequately. However, it is not all bad news. Bangladesh's brilliant students and scholars are working tirelessly to improve the situation. With their efforts, Bangladeshi universities will hopefully be able to compete with the best in the world one day.


The writer is educator, author and researcher