The OCD is a mental health condition that stands for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. It is a long-term disorder where a person has uncontrollable thoughts and behaviours that they have to repeat time and again. Although OCD does not have a single cause or origin, genetics, environment, and abnormalities of brain play a significant role in this regard.
Obsessions and compulsions are signs of OCD. Compulsions are repetitive behaviours whereas obsessions are repetitive thoughts. Obsessions such as thoughts of fear of germs, fear of sexual orientation, aggressive thoughts toward others or oneself, and a desire for everything to be in perfect order which trigger anxiety. On the other hand, compulsive behaviours include excessive cleaning or hand washing, quietly repeating a word or phrase, precisely arranging objects, and repeated checking of objects, such as repeatedly checking to see if money or valuables are in the locker, checking to make sure the door is shut, or repeatedly counting money when making purchases. Not everyone has this disorder, but those who have it typically struggle to regulate their conduct when they have excessive thoughts. These daily activities cause distress in the family.
It is simpler to deliver effective therapies when you are aware of how OCD functions. There are a few types of treatment for OCD. One can start with psychotherapy in the beginning as it is a form of talk therapy with a psychiatrist where one gets to know what a patient with OCD is thinking excessively. During this therapy, one gets to know about their feelings, moods, and conditions. Another option is cognitive therapy, which can be used to treat a variety of problems. It is frequently the preferred form of psychotherapy because it may swiftly assist you in recognising and resolving particular difficulties. It is typically more organised and takes fewer sessions than other forms of therapy. In addition, one should maintain a healthy diet and get enough sleep because insomnia is also a problem for people who have OCD or anxiety.
The symptoms could come and go, or they could worsen. Because of Covid-19, everyone had a phobia of germs during the pandemic, and some people have continued to have excessive germ-related thoughts to this day. Additionally, if a person has health problems which require regular hand washing or cleaning or cause dry or rough skin, their OCD will worsen. In Bangladesh, many do not believe in this sort of disorder; instead, some consider that a person is evilly possessed. OCD can be treated with proper medication and psychotherapy, but those who live with OCD sufferers most. Be patient and compassionate towards them.
It takes time to learn how to live with OCD. There will be successes and failures, just like with any other objective. Working on an OCD is important, but it is equally important to take a step back and recognise your progress.
Nashita Tasneem, an intern at the Daily Sun