Muhammad (PBUH), the last and Final Messenger of Allah is a great blessing from Allah to the mankind. His life is a great example for everyone, because he was a good husband, father, teacher, friend, businessman, warrior, ruler and more. Allah (SWT) sent him as a mercy to the world; men and women, young and old. Allah even sent the Prophet as a mercy to those who did not believe in Him. Allah (SWT) says: “And We have sent you (O Muhammad (PBUH) not but as a mercy for the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). (Sura Ambia:107). There is no way to happiness and success in our worldly and spiritual life except following the biography of the Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, All my Ummah will enter Paradise except him who refuses to. The companions said, Who will refuse to O, Messenger of Allah? He said, Whoever obeys him will enter Paradise and whoever disobeys me has refused to enter Paradise. (Sahih Bukhari). Therefore the entire mankind needs to follow him properly. A Muslim can’t follow the prophet without knowing his biography (Seerat). So, it is obligatory for every Muslims to know the Seerat of the last messenger Muhammad (PBUH). In this article, I would like to write something about the early life, the first part of the biography of our beloved prophet (PBUH).
Genealogy of the prophet: The genealogy of the prophet from Adnan, the twenty-first ancestor of the prophet to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is proved with authentic source undoubtedly. It is also known clearly that Adnan’s (the twenty-first ancestor of the prophet) father was Nabit and Nabit’s father was Imayeel (AS), the son of great prophet Ibrahim (AS). (Seerat Ibn Hisham). Genealogical table form Adnan to the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is: Muhammad Ibn (son of) Abdullah Ibn Abdul Muttalib Ibn Hashim Ibn Abd Manaf Ibn Qusay (Zayed) Ibn Kilab Ibn Murrah Ibn Ka’b Ibn Luway Ibn Galib Ibn Fihr Ibn Malik Ibn Nadr Ibn Kinanah Ibn Khuzaymah Ibn Mudrikah (Amir) Ibn Ilyas Ibn Mudar Ibn Nidr Ibn Ma’ad Ibn Adnan. Hashim, the grandfather of Abdullah (the prophet’s father) was a renowned leader of Quraysh and wealthy person. His first name was ‘Amr but he was called Hashim (who broke the bread into pieces) because he collected enough flour and bread from Syria and made a special food named Thareed or Sareed mixing camel meat soup with the broken bread and distributed the Thareed among the hungry people and pilgrims. During his business trip to Syria, Hashim stayed at the house of Umar in Madinah. Hashim proposed to marry Salma, the daughter of Umar and finally he got married to Salma. He spent some time with Salma in Madinah then he left for Syria again while she was pregnant. After some days Salma gave birth to Abdul Muttalib the grandfather of our beloved prophet (PBUH). Abdul Muttalib was named as Shayba (white-haired) because of the white hair on his head. When ‘Abdul-Muttalib was seven or eight years old, his uncle Al-Muttalib (brother of Hashim) went to Madinah and took him on his camel. When Muttalb (uncle of Abdul Muttalib) was returning to Madinah with his nephew Shaybah, the people of Makkah wondered at seeing Shaybah (Abdul-Muttalib) and they considered him the slave of Muttalib. Thus Shaybah became known as Abdul-Muttalib (the slave of Muttalib).
Birth date of the prophet (PBUH): It is clearly known to us that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was born in the year of elephant (A’am al feel). Al-Muttalib bin ‘Abdullah bin Qais bin Makhramah narrated from his father, from his grandfather, that he said: “I and the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), were born in the Year of the Elephant” he also said: ‘Uthman Ibin ‘Affan asked Qubath bin Ashyam, ‘Are you greater (in age) or the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)?’ He said: “The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) is greater than me, but I have an earlier birthday. The Messenger of Allah was born in the Year of the Elephant….’ (Tirmidhi). The Messenger of Allah was born on Monday. Abu Qatadah al-Ansari (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked about fasting on Mondays. He said: “On that day I was born, and on it the Revelation came to me.” (Muslim). There is nothing mentioned in the Holy Qur’an about the birth date of the prophet and no reliable narration was found in Books of Hadiths and Islamic History that He (PBUH) was born on this day. Historians and biographers differed regarding the month and the date of the birth of the noble prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Abul Fida said that The prophet (PBUH) was born on 10th Rabiul Awwal. Tabari and Ibn Ishaq said that he (PBUH) was born on 12 Rabiul Awwal. Some of researchers said that it was 10th Muharram. Historian Ibn Abdul Barr said that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was born on the 2nd Rabi-ul-Awwal. Humaydee reported form Ibn Hazm that he was born in 8th Rabiul Awal. Ibn Abi Sahyba reported on the authority of Ibn Abbas and Jabir (RA) that our beloved prophet was born on 18 Rabiul Awal. (Al bidayah Wan Nihayah: 2/486).
The writer is Khatib of Baitush Shafiq Mosque and Principal of Baitul Hikam Academy, Gazipur