Tuesday, 6 December, 2022

Cardiac Patients on Rise in Country

Specialised treatment only Dhaka-centric

  • Mohammad Al Amin
  • 30 September, 2022 12:00 AM
  • Print news
Specialised treatment  only Dhaka-centric

The number of patients suffering from heart diseases has been increasing day by day in the country due to various reasons, including unhealthy lifestyles and the consumption of tobacco.

The health experts have advised maintaining a healthy lifestyle including avoiding junk foods, tobacco products, and foods with harmful trans-fat and regular physical activities to prevent cardiac problems.

"Number of heart patients has been increasing in the country. People have to maintain preventive measures like a healthy diet, controlled hypertension, and diabetes, and physical activity in a bid to stop the premature death in the disease," Prof Dr. Md. Robed Amin, Line Director (NCDC) of Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) told the Daily Sun.

DGHS sources said the prevalence of heart disease was found among 4.5 percent of adults of the total population of the country while every year, around 3,70,000 people die of heart disease in Bangladesh.

Robed Amin said the government has already set up a specialized hospital in the capital and is working to set up more specialized hospitals in divisional headquarters to ensure proper treatment for the heart patients of the country. "The government medical colleges also provide treatment to people," he added.

While visiting the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), it was seen that the hospital rooms were full of cardiac patients as it admitted patients beyond its capacity.

"The number of heart patients has been increasing day by day. But except only heart transplantation, Bangladesh is now providing world-class treatment for heart patients," Prof. Dr. Mir Jamal Uddin, Director of the NICVD, said.         

He said on average around 1,200 patients have been rushing to the outdoor of the NICVD every day to take treatment while around 1200-1400 patients were admitted to the 1250-bed hospital. Speaking to Daily Sun, Dr. S M Mustafa Zaman, Professor of the Department of Cardiology of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), said according to World Heart Federation, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the world's number one killer, causing 18.6 million deaths every year.

"The heart disease prevalence is 17 times higher among people aged under 35 in Bangladesh than in other countries. Around 73 percent of total deaths are caused by NCDs (Non-Communicable Diseases) in Bangladesh, while 36 percent of them die in cardiovascular disease here," he added.

Mustafa Zaman emphasised the need for a specific guideline or protocol on heart disease treatment in Bangladesh.

"If devices that are used in heart disease treatment are manufactured in Bangladesh, the cost will be reduced. Now a patient spends a minimum 62,500 as cost of each stent available in Bangladesh, while the cost may be lower to around 6,000-7,000 if it is manufactured here," he added.

Mustafa Zaman also lamented that there is no detailed description of heart disease and treatment in the National Health Policy of the country, while it is the number one killer disease in the country.

According to World Health Organisation (WHO), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally. An estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2019, representing 32 percent of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85 percent were due to heart attack and stroke.

Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by addressing behavioural risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol, it added.

The World Heart Day was observed across the world including in Bangladesh on September 29 with various programmes with a view to raising awareness about cardiovascular diseases.  This year the theme was `use heart for every heart’.

Health ministry sources said the government has formulated an action plan from 2018 to 2025 to prevent non-communicable diseases including heart disease in Bangladesh.

According to the reports, not only the number of adult heart patients, but the number of children affected by heart disease has also increased in manifolds in Bangladesh in recent years.

According to Paediatric Cardiac Society of Bangladesh, nearly 4,00,000 children are suffering from various types of heart problems while about 50,000 children are born with congenital heart disease every year and about 40 percent of children with heart disease die each year due to a lack of treatment.

The health experts said the heart disease treatment is almost in Dhaka centric, while no specialized hospital for the treatment of the disease outside Dhaka. "The specialized treatment will have to be made available outside the capital to ensure proper treatment for the patients," Mustafa Zaman said.