We celebrate the World Nature Conservation Day on July 28 every year. The Day has an important significance in this era of globalization and modernization. This day plays a vital role in making awareness and makes us take a moment to think about preservation and conservation of nature. It is very important to safeguard the current and upcoming generations.
The balance in the natural beauty of the earth can be established by conserving and preserving various components of nature. Famous conservationist Gifford Pincho said “Conservation means the wise use of the earth and its resources and for the lasting good of men”. In addition, the World Nature Conservation Day underlines the need for preserving the environment for future generations. We are therefore in urgent need to leave a healthy planet for those coming after us to enjoy. The day acknowledges the fact that to live a stable and a healthy life, our nature has to be preserved. The main motive behind celebrating this day is to make people aware of their duties towards nature around them to conserve. It aims to conserve the environmental elements like animals and plants which are on the threat of extinction if not paid attention to.
Human activities during the last century have had a devastating impact on natural vegetation and other resources. The pursuit for rapid industrialization and cutting down of forest cover to make space for the ever-growing population has caused climate change and other environmental indications. As the developed countries are producing tons of greenhouse gases regularly, it is damaging the nature very fast. But the developing or underdeveloped countries have to face the result of climate change first. It is an issue that isn’t targeted to any specific group of people; rather it will affect the whole of mankind.
As Bangladesh is bordered by the Bay of Bengal in the south, it is at the risk of being affected by climate crisis. The rise of temperature is very risky for the people living in coastal areas. It has been found in researches that if the average temperature rises by 2 degrees Celsius, sea level will rise by 1 meter. It will cause thousands of people living in coastal areas to leave their accommodation. The Natural Conservation Day celebrated to make people aware that the nature, its climate and our environment need to be conserved for the best.
With the industrial revolution, millions of factories are set up and they are emitting chemicals that are very harmful to nature. Though the world leaders are discussing to reduce the carbon emission globally, we should be aware of the upcoming danger. If we don’t take proper steps to prevent this, the world won’t remain a place of living things anymore.
In recent times, the need for conserving the nature has become more evident. The relentless human overexploitation of resources has led to unusual weather patterns. Bangladesh is hardly recognizing its six seasons at present days. Extinction of species is happening on a massive scale worldwide. Around one million species of plants and animals are nearly extinct. Destruction of wildlife habitats, devastative loss of biodiversity, unplanned deforestation for more land space, these ruthless attitudes towards nature will be a payback time. We should stop these before it’s too late. Conservation means living in a harmony, not stopping all the developments. We need to understand that nature conservation and preservation can possible along with developmental work. All we need is to be responsible and do our duties to our nature and environment.
Earth’s natural resources include air, minerals, plants, soil, water, and wildlife. Conservation is the care and preservation is the protection of these resources. It includes maintaining diversity of species, genes, and ecosystems, as well as functions of the environment, such as nutrient cycling. Only 12.5% of the landmass on Earth is dedicated to natural reserves. The natural world has suffered so much damage at the hands of human beings. World Nature Conservation Day calls for the protection of nature from further harm. We human beings rely on natural resources for our own survival. However, most of the resources are limited so we need to be very responsible and careful in term of consuming them.
We have Environmental Conservation Act (1995) and the Environmental Conservation Rules (1997) providing for the establishment of environmental courts for the trial of offences relating to environmental pollution. These acts and rules are not well practiced in our country. The conservation act ensures that we need to conserve and preserve nature and we can consume the resources without harming the nature. The Natural Conservation Day is to emphasize the need for preserving nature and remain aware of its need for the rest of the days in a year. The natural conservationist Leo Tolstoy said, “One of the first conditions of happiness is that the link between man and nature shall not be broken.” It’s high time we cared our home, our Mother Nature.
The writer is the Dean, Faculty
of Science and Chairman, Dept. of
Environmental Science, Stamford
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]