Thursday, 18 August, 2022

A blazing query: How Jitus are made?

JITU is a 10-grade student of Haji Yunus Ali School and College at Ashulia, Dhaka. Recently, he has been accused of hitting his teacher Utpal Kumar Sarkar to death with a cricket stump. The media reported that the indiscriminate action against the teacher happened on June 25 this year. According to RAB, “Jitu attacked the teacher, Utpal Kumar Sarkar, that day to impress a female student by showing off ‘Heroism’. It is not only Utpal, but Jitu misbehaved with other teachers as well as students and sexually harassed female students many times. Moreover, Jitu used to smoke fatally and mostly attempted to panic another by reckless motorcycle driving at the school compound.” RAB also accused that the 19-year-old boy, Jitu, locally formed an influential teenage gang called ‘Jitu Dada’ who used to roam around the locality by motorcycle and harass people. Altogether, Jitu is a criminal in the eyes of law, society, and the state. And we demand exemplary punishment for Jitu. But many Jitus are being produced in our society at present. Have we observed or, ever wondered, how Jitus are being produced?

In the social context, the write-up explains Jitu's offence as “Juvenile Delinquency (Youth Crime)”. Although RAB mentioned Jitu's age of 19 years which does not fit for the ‘Juvenile Age (9 to 18 years)’ in Bangladesh prescribed by the Majority Act-1875, the write-up puts Jitu in a ‘Juvenile’ and explains his task under “Juvenile Delinquency” regarding his educational level, ‘10-grade’. You can't imagine how many teenagers like Jitu are getting involved in crime in Bangladesh. According to the UNICEF, Bangladesh belongs to 36 million teenagers. And witnessed Juvenile crime has been recorded since 2012 in Bangladesh by the police headquarters where 751 children and teenagers were accused in 484 cases in the first stage. After then in the first six months of 2020, “1,191 teens were arrested in 821 cases (The Daily Sun, 2021).” In fact, the two reports comparatively prove it is being increased day by day in Bangladesh. But why?

In the problematic context of our society, the write-up employs some credible key factors in briefing the blazing query “How are Jitus produced regarding juvenile delinquency?” First, ‘Digital Parenting’ has fatally influenced the young generation of Bangladesh to get involved in crime, like Jitu. We all know that Digital Parenting means the technologies’ efforts and practices for supporting, comprehending, and regulating the children's actions like parents. In the modern age, many parents in Bangladesh feel very satisfaction handing over touchscreen devices (Smartphone, Laptop, etc.) to their children from the age of 2-3 years in order to increase technological literacy. But in reality, children are addicted to online games (PUBG, Free-Fire) where they learn how to hit the enemy successfully. And once they apply it in real life and get involved in crime.

Secondly, ‘Social Media Influence’ on the youth is another prime factor for juvenile delinquency and Jitus produced. Nowadays, the young generation is extremely addicted to ‘Viral Intoxication’.  In order to become viral on social media, they create memes, and short videos on TikTok, showing obscene gestures, and then they post these on social media. And once, those obscene gestures become their habit which gradually brings behavioural changes in them like smoking, eve-teasing, sexual harassment, and so on. In a nutshell, they do not hesitate to commit crimes at a time. Overall, the juvenile, Jitu is a blazing example of them in the context of youth behavioural change in Bangladesh today.

Thirdly, ‘Cultural Shift’ means Westernism and Indian culture are being replaced in Bangladesh instead of its own culture. In fact, Westernism and Indian culture are excessively cherished in Bangladesh today. If we notice with care, we will see that due to the cultural shift in Bangladesh, social norms, traditional customs, religious beliefs, and ethical values have degenerated. However, this cultural shift deadly influenced the young generation of Bangladesh. They, influenced by Indian and Western movies, series, lifestyle, and so on, are violating social rules and regulations as well as not respecting parents, teachers, or elders. I think Jitu is an obvious example of them considering teacher murder. Alike Jitu, today's young generation feels very pleased to get hair styled and show off ‘Heroism’ like Indian and Western movies' heroes. Consequently, they fall into committing crimes. So, the ‘Cultural Shift’ is responsible for producing Jitus and juvenile delinquency.

And finally, the ‘Education System’ of Bangladesh is another key factor in forming juvenile delinquency. Mainly, in Bangladesh's educational institutions, students are put under pressure through just bookish studies and motivated how to get GPA-5 and how to get a powerful job like magistrate, DIG, or SP after completing the academic degree. But ethics is grossly ignored here. Because of this, the sense of respect, dignity, integrity, partiality, and loyalty to the teachers are utterly absent in the students’ behaviour. Therefore, due to the lack of moral instruction in educational institutions, students do not hesitate to commit crimes at teenage age like Jitu.

By all means, these factors are producing Jitus at present. But none of us are observing it consciously. However, Jitu has indicated to us with a red sign about future generations of Bangladesh. So, we should be cautious right now about our young generation and bring rational change in those factors.


Josim Uddin, a student, Department of International Relations, Dhaka University