Monday, 23 May, 2022

Why Bangladesh needs to include cybersecurity in curriculum?

People's reliance on cyberspace has risen exponentially in recent years, with individuals from all over the world adopting new digital tools, services, and apps. The same is true for Bangladesh, a digital behemoth where everyone is increasingly embracing digital solutions instead of traditional means of accomplishing things.

The digital world is awash in potential prospects, from online education to e-commerce, and Bangladesh is not immune. From real-time Covid-19 tracking to vaccine registrations, from e-Services to e-payments, Bangladesh's government has been unprecedentedly swift and hands-on using online and mobile platforms.

While the country has embraced technology in everyday life, cyber threats and cybercrime are on the rise.  Also, Cyberattacks rank first among worldwide human-caused threats, according to the World Economic Forum. Cybercrime is estimated to cost the globe more than USD 10 trillion by 2025, which is more than the combined GDP of all nations except two, and so requires immediate attention.

Now, we will be seeing some reasons why cybersecurity should include in academics in Bangladesh:

Safeguarding of digital infrastructure:

As we get forward to a Digital Bangladesh, the digital infrastructure, which includes IoT, digital solutions, and digital operational tools, is likely to grow in the future years, and as it does, it will be applied throughout all infrastructures, including electricity, gas, water, and oil.

Any disruption in these infrastructures might endanger the lives of many people; thus, it is critical that competent individuals be present in the country to avoid such a tragedy from occurring and to defend the digital infrastructure in the next years.

Inadequate academic training:                                                                                                                                 In Bangladesh, there is also a scarcity of appropriate academic cybersecurity training. The necessary infrastructure is not in place to assist individuals in becoming competent cybersecurity experts. There have been several cybersecurity courses introduced in Bangladesh, however the most of them are theoretical courses with little emphasis on actual work, and cybersecurity is all about being practical and putting what you have learned into practice.

It is high time for the Government of Bangladesh and the country's leading technical institutions to recognize the relevance of cybersecurity courses and include them into programmes with technologically advanced curricula.

Rise in cyberattacks because of extensive digitisation:

Further cause for the need for cybersecurity education in Bangladesh is that we are on our way to becoming a Digital Bangladesh, which implies that there will be even more digitalisation in the future years, which will eventually entail greater cyber risks to both persons and enterprises.

In the past few years, Bangladeshi enterprises have experienced  more than 100 percent spike in cybersecurity threats. These numbers demonstrate that the country has a high demand for cybersecurity specialists.

A wonderful career possibility:                                                                                                                     According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics' Labour Force Survey 2016-17, the national unemployment rate is 4.2 percent. However, the young unemployment rate is 10.6 percent, which is more than twice as high as the national average. According to the polls, the proportion of unemployed youth in overall unemployment is 79.6 percent.

 Cybersecurity is a terrific and potential career path for such young people who have the capacity to build excellent careers for themselves. Because there is a growth in demand for cybersecurity specialists and present scarcity of educated professionals who can adequately fulfill their tasks, it would be an excellent career option for young people who are keen to gain such a skill.

The demand for qualified and experienced cybersecurity personnel is so great that some organisations are ready to pay top performers in crores.

Shortage of skilled personnel:

Not just Bangladesh, but the entire globe, is presently suffering from serious lackings in cybersecurity field since contemporary technology was embraced so quickly that governments did not have enough time to raise awareness on the subject.

Furthermore, the incorporation of new technology on a daily basis is pushing out the old, traditional approaches, resulting in a scarcity in the current cybersecurity market. A modern-day cybersecurity specialist can identify security dangers even in the router's admin panel, but older specialists cannot due to a lack of familiarity with the technology.

Keeping our essential assets safe:

Beginning with recognising key assets (such as defence installations, power stations, spaceships, atomic and nuclear research institutions, airports, and air traffic control systems), projects and assets require specialised cyber security and defence teams. With a growing emphasis on defence, space technology, digitalisation, and the development of smart cities, as well as land, sea, and air transportation infrastructure, watertight cybersecurity policies are critical to ensuring long-term development. Implementing these policies requires people who are skilled in cyber security.

Research shows that in today's digitalised world, data has become the new oil and data security has become even more vital. To strengthen the system and prevent attackers from entering it, youths must be educated on Cybersecurity.

Additional deputy commissioner (ADC) Najmul Islam of the Cyber Crime Investigation Division of the Metropolitan Police Dhaka (DMP) highlighted the need for cybersecurity education for young people and digital literacy programmes in the education curriculum.

So, the goal of Digital Bangladesh will only be fulfilled if we pay more attention to cybersecurity, which we can achieve by educating our younger generations about cybersecurity.


Afsana Rubaiyat, a law student, North South University