Asthma or shortness of breath, like fever, is not a disease in itself. It is a symptom of other diseases. Symptoms of nasal congestion, runny nose, itchy and watery eyes, chest tightness, cough, sneezing, etc. may be accompanied by shortness of breath. Each year in winter, 80 per cent of children and 40 per cent of adults experience an increase in the severity of asthma or shortness of breath. The main reasons for this are cold, fever or flu outbreak at this time, cold-dry air which constricts the respiratory system, increased amount of dust and smoke in winter, fog and closed humid environments, etc. All of these increase the sensitivity of the respiratory system, which in turn increases the sufferings of the asthma patient. Therefore, asthma patients must be more careful at this time.
Asthma is a chronic problem that causes difficulty in breathing. This is a problem that can be fatal. Sneezing, coughing, chest tightness, difficulty breathing, etc. are some of the symptoms of asthma. People suffering from chronic diseases like asthma, chronic bronchitis, ILD, etc. have a fragile respiratory system. Therefore, Coronavirus increases their risk of complications. Such patients may develop not only acute pneumonia but also acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In ARDS, lung tissue does not receive enough oxygen.
Asthma is a chronic and life-threatening lung disease which is usually accompanied by coughing and shortness of breath. It is an ancient disease in the Indo-Pak subcontinent. The first ideas about the disease were found in the early nineteenth century in the history of medical science. Despite adequate research and experiment no permanent cure for asthma in allopathy has been discovered yet. It can only be controlled by allopathy treatment, but can be completely cured by homoeopathy. Although we don't know the exact number of asthma attacks in our country, about 20 million people in America suffer from asthma. About 10 million, including three million children, suffer from allergic asthma. Therefore, it can be said that the incidence of asthma is not less in our country.
Studies have shown that with proper regular treatment and a planned lifestyle, patients can be saved from the onset of asthma. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated in some islands around the world, such as Esta-de-Cune, where about 47 per cent people and an island called Koraleski, where 20 to 60 per cent are infected. Similarly, there are many countries in the world where the rate of this disease is very low, such as Zambia, Nigeria, Kenya, etc. Asthma is such an incurable disease that once afflicted, the patient has to spend a lifetime in agony, the person suffering from asthma cannot take part in any hard work, he has to spend days indoors. Cold weather is extremely dangerous for most patients. In the cold of monsoon and winter, the disease increases. Bronchial asthma especially increases in winter. Winter cold is unbearable for the patient. In winter, if a little cold air or fog enters the nose, first sneezing causes a runny nose and then shortness of breath. When it rains a couple of drops of rain water, sleeping at night by an open window, travelling in wet air, the symptoms increase.
There are two types of asthma:
- Acute or Severe Asthma, in which the airways in the lungs suddenly constrict and cause difficulty in breathing.
- Chronic asthma which causes frequent asthma attacks and requires treatment to control and prevent the disease.
♦ Non-Allergic Asthma - This type of asthma is not caused by allergies but by smoking, chemicals, bacterial infections, stress, laughter, excessive exercise, aspirin, food preservatives, perfumes, excessive cold, hot, humid and dry weather.
Different types of asthma: -
♦ Mixed asthma: - In this case the patient suffers from the aforesaid allergic and non-allergic asthma. In some cases, the incidence increases.
♦ Nocturnal asthma: This type of asthma attacks at night, especially between 2am and 4am at night. The patient falls asleep early at night due to physical weakness. Even short-term sleep during the day. Nocturnal asthma should be taken seriously as in this case the patient dies due to respiratory arrest.
♦ Bronchial asthma: - It is basically a kind of allergic reaction that causes shortness of breath and wheezing in the chest. Contraction of the muscles and mucous membranes around the trachea occurs. The main causes of respiratory infections, airborne allergens, food allergens and excessive stress.
♦ Cardiac Asthma: - When the heart loses its normal blood circulation, pulmonary edema or constriction of airways in the lungs constricts the airways and causes asthma. This is extremely deadly. It attacks after a few hours of sleep because water accumulates in the lungs while lying down. Shortness of breath causes the patient to lose sleep and gradually return to normal after sitting for a while. This type of problem is more common especially in winter.
♦ Occupational asthma: - Occupational or industrial asthma usually occurs within a few months to a few months of taking the job. Symptoms usually subside as soon as you leave the workplace or while on vacation. Saw Mill Powder, Chemical Smoke, Dusty Environment, Cement Factory, Garment Factory, Flour & Spice Mill, Rice Mill, Jute Mill, Spinning Mill, Dyeing Factory, Chemical Fertiliser Factory, Photocopy Machine, Driving, Poultry Farm, etc. are more affected by this type of asthma.
♦ Seasonal asthma: - Seasonal asthma usually occurs in special seasons. For example, some people get asthma in hot weather, some people get asthma in certain flower gardens. Asthma also develops for trees, grasses, flower pollen, etc.
♦ Silent asthma: - This type of asthma attack is extremely frightening and life threatening. Attacks without any previous symptoms or with a light sound in the chest.
♦ Cough variant asthma: - This type of asthma is prolonged and annoying cough.
Early symptoms of asthma patient: -
♦ Suffering from chronic cough,
♦ Increased shortness of breath when exercising,
Common symptoms: -
♦ Increased shortness of breath in winter
♦ Frequent breathing,
♦ Coughing with phlegm,
♦ Ringing in throat and feeling dry,
♦ Coughing at night
♦ Pulse rate fast,
♦ Having trouble speaking,
♦ Always feeling weakness,
Asthma patient should follow some advice: -
1. Bed and pillow should be covered with plastic or special kind of cover should be put on the pillow.
2. Dust should not be scrubbed. There needs to be an open environment with light and air, pollution free. This is because fungal spores in damp places often cause asthma. So, you should understand the condition of your body before taking the risk of hard work.
3. Light food should be eaten so that there is no difficulty in digestion. Because, indigestion and heartburn can also cause asthma. Foods that have allergies should be avoided.
4. If necessary, change the place and occupation.
50 per cent of patients get well just by following rules. Diet of asthma patients or Asthma patient’s food: -
Lukewarm food, Seasonal fruits, Goat's milk (including bay leaves, mint and black cumin), Iodized salt and sea salt, Honey, soup, juice, Black cumin oil, Ginger mint tea.
Foods that are forbidden for Asthma patients: -
l Eggs: - Egg allergy is very common for asthma patients. The white part of the egg contains protein. This protein stimulates allergies and exacerbates asthma.
♦ Milk: - Milk contains a lot of calcium which makes bones and teeth strong. However, the protein in it multiplies the problem of asthma.
♦ Almonds: - Experts claim that eating almonds also increases the risk of asthma. So, refrain from eating nuts.
♦ Wheat: - A protein called gluten in wheat increases asthma. As a result, it is difficult for patients to breathe properly.
♦ Refrigerated soft drinks, Ice cream and refrigerated food can make patients have occasional shortness of breath.
Concerns have been added to the problem at this time of the Corona epidemic. Because, in case of sudden onset of shortness of breath, it is difficult to understand at the initial stage what caused the onset of shortness of breath, corona infection or chronic respiratory disease.
★ Asthma patients should also wear cotton, loose-fitting clothes. It is better not to wear silk, synthetic, woollen cloth. You should sleep on a thin pillow and soft bed.
Asthma is caused by any one or more of the following: -
Extremely dry, hot or polluted, and water vapour. Hereditary AE disorder. Dust, body odour, polluted air, scent of flowers or perfume or food.
Inflammation of the lining of the nasal passages, enlargement of the nasal tumour tonsils, adenoids, increases the propensity to attack the disease.
Homoeopathy: According to homoeopathy, three diseases are the cause of all kinds of diseases. Sora, psychosis, syphilis, sora-psychosis or sora-psychosis-syphilis are jointly responsible for asthma. If the treatment can be done by proper prescription, then the cure of any complex difficult disease including asthma can be given. There is no such thing as eternal truth in medical science. Because once we heard that there is no cure for tuberculosis, now we hear that tuberculosis is curable. All this is the result of the progress and development of science. Homoeopathy is the most popular treatment method for Asthma. Homoeopathic treatment is done by selecting medicines on the basis of overall symptoms. This is the only medical procedure by which all the signs and symptoms of the patient's pain can be removed and the state of complete health can be restored. According to the 2016 data of BBC News, about 40 per cent of the patients got cured by taking homoeopathic treatment, again lately many reputed homoeopaths have come out, they are treating asthma patients. Patients need to keep in mind that asthma is not a common ailment, so patients with asthma must be careful and alert at all times.
Dr. Muhammad Mahtab Hossain Mazed, founder of Bangladesh Patient Welfare Society