Lazarus syndrome, also known as Autoresuscitation, is the resumption of blood circulation after the heart has stopped beating and has failed to resuscitate despite cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Simply put, it is the rebirth of life after death. Lazarus is a character in the New Testament (Bible) who came back alive by Jesus Christ four days after his death. Lazarus syndrome was reported sixty-three times in medical literature since 1982. In 2020, a comprehensive study of all published instances revealed the Lazarus syndrome's distinct characteristics. It has been shown that in most cases patients were aged 60 years or older and their conditions may raise its probability, including hyperkalemia (an excess of potassium in the bloodstream) and hypovolemia (an abnormally low volume of extracellular fluid in the body).
In all cases, resuscitation attempts lasted at least 20 minutes until the patient's spontaneous return to circulation, with a 30-minute mediation period. In thirty of the sixty-three cases, signs of life were observed within five minutes of the end of resuscitation, and in 14 cases, indications of life were observed between six and ten minutes after the end of resuscitation. Signs of life were either not noticed until several hours after 'death' or were not reported in medical records for the remaining 19 individuals. According to a case study conducted in 2020, roughly 35% of patients survive Lazarus syndrome and recover fully to be released from hospital. However, heart damage claimed the lives of 65 percent of the victims. Death is a condition in which all of your vital organs gradually fail.
In Bangladesh, we have heard stories about patients who were formally certified dead by a doctor yet came back to life at a funeral. As a result, the doctor's competence is BIG questioned. It will tarnish the doctor's and hospitals' reputations. As a result, it is necessary to educate the general public about the Lazarus condition so that they can be aware that persons can sometimes resurrect after 10 minutes of death due to the Lazarus syndrome. Doctors should, however, wait at least 10 minutes after CPR has stopped before declaring someone dead and maintain a heart monitor linked to the individual for at least 10 minutes to confirm the lack of a heart rhythm.
The writers are an Assistant Professor, School of Business, Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology and a student, Department of Management Studies, Jagannath University