Monday, 24 January, 2022
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HEALTH IS WEALTH

Are women with PCOS more depressed and anxious?

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is the most common, complex hormone disorder in women, with prevalence of 3-22% in India (10% of adults and 20% of adolescents are suffering from this problem). The exact cause of the PCOS is not clearly known, genetics, environmental factors, lifestyle contributing to this issue.

PCOS is associated with many problems like cosmetic issues- unwanted facial and body hair (like men), acne, scalp hair loss, oily skin; weight gain, darkening of skin; scanty periods or heavy periods which are irregular; infertility or difficulty in conceiving child; depression and anxiety; diabetes, high BP, high cholesterol; increased risk of uterus cancer in long standing disease.

Depression and anxiety is particularly distressing symptom of PCOS, as it saps one’s vitality and makes it difficult to seek help and adjust. According to studies, prevalence ranging from 28 to 64% (for depression) and 34 to 57% (for anxiety) in women with PCOS, with suicide rates seven times greater in women, compared to roughly 19% of those without it. Similarly, significantly more patients with PCOS compared to community controls reported eating disorders (12% vs. 4%) and/or social phobia (27% vs. 2%), which may cause medical, psychological, social and occupational difficulties. All these have negative effect on the patients’ sexual life.

Depression -Most Common Signs and Symptoms:

Different people might respond to depression distinctly.

- Fatigue, low energy levels

- loss of interest in doing things

- Sadness, Guilt, low self esteem

- Helplessness, Anxiety

- Sleep disruptions

- Appetite shifts

- Weight fluctuations

- Concentration problems.

                —Times of India