Today is the World AIDS Day. Initiatives have been taken to observe the Day in compliance with health rules like every time. The World Health Organization has decided to observe December 1 as World AIDS Day every year since 1988. This is the name of AIDS panic. This disease is spreading all over the world today, even in epidemic proportion when coronavirus pandemic is surging around with its latest variant Omicron. However, very few people with AIDS are aware of this accurate information. The disease is truly frightening but preventable. The day has been chosen to raise awareness against the spread of the AIDS epidemic for HIV infection and to mourn those who have died from the disease. The day is being observed by government and health officials, non-governmental organizations and individuals around the world to raise awareness about AIDS prevention and control. AIDS is a contagious disease caused by the HIV virus. It weakens the human body's immune system. As a result of HIV infection, other diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis and even cancer can occur. The next stage of HIV infection is called AIDS. According to the United Nations, at least 68 million people have been infected with HIV since 1981. Of these, 39 million infected patients died.
Origin of AIDS virus
Researchers say evidence of the first HIV transmission from Kinshasa, the capital of the Belgian Congo in Africa, dates back to 1920. They have claimed to have found this evidence by genetic analysis of thousands of people. The Belgian Congo, a Central African country, was under Belgian colonial rule from 1907 to 1960. From here, researchers claim, HIV spread to Central Africa via the railway network. Researchers say that the deadly AIDS originated in a colonial city. Kinshasa, now known as Leopoldville, later became the largest urban area in Central Africa. It was famous for animal meat collection from the nearby forest. The role of social change and communication system is behind the widespread spread among the people.
Researchers say that this information has been made possible by genetic analysis of the HIV virus in a new way. Thirteen cases of virus transmission from chimpanzees, gorillas and monkeys have been recorded. But there is evidence that the M group of HIV-1 is more prevalent in humans. The HIV-1 virus group ‘M’ and another group ‘O’ increased at the same rate till 1960 but later the M group increased three times. This may be due to the need to use the needle more than once and increase in the rate of access to sex workers.
Researcher Oliver Pybus said: "For the first time, we have analyzed all available evidence in a phylogenetic way. This makes it possible to determine where the virus came from based on statistics. This means that it is possible to confirm the origin of the virus. Researcher Nuno Faria said that Kinshasa was moving fast at that time. As the largest city in Central Africa, it was connected to the whole of the Congo. An analysis of colonial data shows that by the end of 1940, more than one million people travelled to Kinshasa by rail every year. Analysis of genetic data shows that HIV is spreading rapidly in the Congo.
What to do to prevent AIDS
The key to HIV prevention is education, awareness, and accurate knowledge and perceptions about the level of risk. Positive change in people's thinking and behaviour is very important. Adherence to religious rules is one of the ways to prevent AIDS. Religious and social rules must be followed in sexual relations. Premarital sex should be avoided. Multiple sexual partners should be avoided. People can stay free from HIV infection through safe sex practices. Regularly and properly abstain from sexual intercourse without a condom. The best way to stay free from HIV infection is to abstain from free and illicit sex. For those who take drugs by injection into the body, the best way is not to take drugs by injection. If this is not possible, the use of reusable needles, syringes, blades or other devices with an HIV-infected patient should be avoided.
If the body needs to take blood or organs, it should be tested to see if there is HIV in the blood or organs.
Having a sexually transmitted or reproductive tract infection increases the risk of HIV infection. Therefore, if someone has a sexually transmitted disease or reproductive system infection, it should be treated quickly.
There is a high risk of the child being infected by an HIV-infected mother. However, mothers who receive necessary therapy have a 75 percent increased risk of contracting the foetus.
In order to increase public awareness, preventive information should be disseminated to the people through various media.
We know that HIV infection occurs through blood, semen, vaginal or cervical discharge and breast milk. Symptoms may not appear at an early stage. However, acute retroviral syndrome may occur. Clinical stage-1, it also does not show much symptoms; But the lymph nodes can be swollen for a long time, especially the inguinal lymph nodes. Kinetic stage-2, it leads to weight loss. Recurrent sinusitis, tonsillitis, otitis media and pharyngitis can occur. This stage can lead to herpes zoster, sores on the face and fungal infections of the nails. Kinetic Stage-3, in which weight loss continues. May have diarrhoea for more than a month. There may be regular fever. The blow to the face continues. Tuberculosis can occur in the lungs. Or there may be pneumonia, empyema, and joint pain. Symptoms of anemia and neutropenia are also seen at this time. Kinetic stage-4, it can cause pneumocystitis pneumonia or recurrent bacterial pneumonia. In addition, lymphoma, capsosis sarcoma, invasive cervical carcinoma can also occur at this stage. Chronic diarrhoea is a common occurrence in such patients. These described symptoms apply to older patients. Many more symptoms are found in such patients.
HIV or AIDS is an incurable disease. Clinical studies conducted by the Government of India since 1989 have shown that homeopathic remedies are effective for HIV or AIDS patients. Research paper published by the Central Council for Research in Homeopathy under the Ministry of Health, Government of India HIV / AIDS and homeopathic management, a beacon of hope for the world. A clinical study of 22 homeopathic medicines has been included in the study. We hope that our government will take guidance from such research books on HIV or AIDS in Bangladesh.
Homeopathic medicine will open the door for patients so that they can get effective results. And homeopathic remedies that are effective in treating most patients during an epidemic of any disease apply to healthy people. Homeopathic remedies for new diseases like Corona, Dengue, Swine Flu, which are already stored in the homeopathic repertoire, will improve the effectiveness of homeopathic remedies through research. People need to be more careful to avoid contracting AIDS.
The writer is a founder, Bangladesh Patient Welfare Society. Email: [email protected]