Sunday, 5 December, 2021

Toward resolving Rohingya crisis

In Myanmar, most Rohingyas have no legal identity or citizenship and statelessness remains a significant concern. They have faced decades of systematic discrimination and targeted violence in the Rakhine State of Myanmar. Such persecution has forced Rohingya people into Bangladesh for many years. Since 2017, the South Asian country has hosted nearly 1.1 million displaced Rohingyas that pose increasing challenges for it. Although, global humanitarian organisations have come up with varying assistance to meet the requirements of the vast number of displaced people, but the host country has to bear the lion's share.

Many believe that with all the assistance given by humanitarian organisations to the Rohingya people, the needs of the host communities have been sidelined. Slow economic growth, increased levels of poverty and strains on infrastructure have further added to their concerns. Bangladesh has sheltered the Rohingya on humanitarian grounds. But, indefinite hosting of them has become a growing concern for the already overpopulated nation. Since the very inception of the humanitarian crisis, the government has been carrying out relentless international diplomacy to send them back to their country. But, it is regrettable that even in the past few years, not a single Rohingya has been repatriated to his/her country because of continued non-cooperation and reluctance of Myanmar.

However, because of intense diplomatic efforts made by the Permanent Mission of Bangladesh in Geneva, the UN Human Rights Council has finally adopted a unanimous resolution emphasising justice and repatriation of Rohingyas back to Myanmar.  This is the first time any resolution on Rohingya was adopted in the UN without a vote. The adoption of such resolution is a big milestone for us. The UN resolution has a political value as it shows interest of all countries, including Russia and China, in resolving the protracted crisis. It has put pressure on Myanmar to resolve the crisis. It is hoped that the new development will pave the way for safe, dignified, and voluntary repatriation of Rohingya to their land. Now, the international community should redouble its pressure on the Myanmar military regime to seek a durable solution to the largest global humanitarian crisis.