Bangladesh is on the verge of the fourth industrial revolution which is expected to change the eternal pattern of human life. There will be so much change that is still unimaginable. Change is inevitable, people need to be prepared to adapt to this change. The Industrial Revolution is called the process of increasing production and improving its quality with the help of scientific instruments instead of manual labour. The first industrial revolution took place in 1784 with the invention of the steam engine, the second industrial revolution with the invention of electricity in 1870, The Third Industrial Revolution in 1979 with the invention of the Internet and now the fourth industrial revolution is going to happen with the digital revolution. Bangladesh has done all its need to prepare for digital integration during or after the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Many developed countries of the world did not even think about launching 5G but Bangladesh has done it. 5G is going to be launched on 16th December to mark the 50th anniversary of the victory. The third submarine cable is coming in 2023. Skilled man-power is essential for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. To this purpose 39 high-tech parks have been established as well as various groundbreaking programs are being taken and implemented. The greatest progress of the world economy has taken place as a result of the Industrial Revolution. The industrial revolutions have changed the course of the world, the course of the world economy. Artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things could be used as a complete alternative to human resources!
The Internet of Things is now a buzzword. The Internet of Things will be when all the objects around us communicate and network among themselves through the Internet. In the meantime we've heard about Google Home and Amazon's Alexa. As a result, it is possible to control many things in the house including lights, sound system, and doors. Bangladesh is ready to adapt to the technology of the future. In this case, the public and private sectors are being given equal importance. Bangladesh has already gained the reputation of Asian Tiger under the visionary leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. The next high-tech parks in Bangladesh will be Silicon Valley. All 4,501 union parishads in the country's 64 districts have already been included in the digital network. The main services of the government, especially land registration, birth registration, university admission or job application etc. are being delivered digitally to the doorsteps of the citizens. Digital technology has made the provision of basic services easier and more affordable. Therefore, in the overall analysis, Digital Bangladesh means a more efficient, equitable and prosperous Bangladesh. The mobile banking system of Bangladesh has changed a lot through bKash. Marginalised people can easily transact money without opening a bank account. Now every day there is a transaction of about one thousand crore taka. Cloud computing, the Internet of Things, and Artificial Intelligence will play a major role in achieving the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Bangladesh has already made great advancement in information technology. Bangladesh is also ready to adapt to the future technology. In this case, both public and private sectors are being given equal importance. Apart from formal and informal education, e-governance, Service Delivery, Public Policy and implementation, Information Technology, Decentralization, Urban Development and Planning, and Challenges to SDG implementation and administrative Policy Strategies will be introduced with public servants and cloud server, Internet of things, training on artificial intelligence will be provided to them.
While IBM Watson with artificial intelligence is providing 85% perfect legal aid by analyzing the document review process automatically, the courts in Bangladesh are not so successful in using the technology. Although not 100% technology dependent, the country has recently been able to achieve success in a number of areas, including the technology to show video footage as evidence. The law of Bangladesh still mentions that business cannot be done without taking a 'square foot' office by a formal agreement. However, with the national identity card online business can be done with an internet connection sitting at home and creating a global business by getting registered and opening a bank account. In order to make the Fourth Revolution a hundred percent success, it is necessary to amend these so-called provisions of the law. We see in the reports of all including the World Bank, UN, and IMF that Bangladesh is going to lead the world in the future. Considering the discussions being held on the outcome of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and its various advantages and disadvantages, it can be said that Bangladesh has already started all preparations to make the Fourth Industrial Revolution its own. If the Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, the worthy daughter of the Father of the Nation, maintains the continuity of the government, Bangladesh will remain in the seat of leadership in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
The writer is a lawyer and PhD
researcher, Jahangirnagar University