International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict will be observed today in Bangladesh and elsewhere across the world.
The day will be observed to recognise the role of healthy ecosystems and sustainably managed resources in conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peace building strategies.
Water wells have been polluted, crops torched, forests cut down, soils poisoned, and animals killed to gain military advantage.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has found that over the last 60 years, at least 40 percent of all internal conflicts have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources, whether high-value resources such as timber, diamonds, gold and oil, or scarce resources such as fertile land and water.
On November 5, 2001 the UN General Assembly declared November 6 of each year as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict.
On May 27 in 2016 the United Nations Environment Assembly adopted a resolution, which recognised the role of healthy ecosystems and sustainably managed resources in reducing the risk of armed conflict, and reaffirmed its strong commitment to the full implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals listed in General Assembly resolution 70/1, entitled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. -- Rajib