A judge in Spain has granted joint custody of a dog to a separated couple who went to court to determine who the pet should live with.
The Madrid court considered that both parties were "jointly responsible" and "co-caretakers" of Panda the dog, reports BBC. A lawyer who brought the case to court said it was a "pioneering" ruling. Spain is currently drafting new legislation so that animals are no longer considered objects and are legally recognised as living beings.This status would make it easier for a partner to request joint custody of a pet following a breakup. But Lola García, from the Law & Animals law firm, brought this case to court under the 1987 European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals, which Spain ratified in 2017.
Panda's adoption contract, veterinary bills and photographs where "the three are seen as a family, exactly the same as if it were a family photo with children" were submitted as evidence, Ms García said, according to RTVE.
The judge ruled that "the evidence in the proceedings reveals an affective relationship between the plaintiff and the dog that is worthy of legal guardianship".
Panda will now alternate between the two partners for a month at a time.
In the UK, dogs are legally seen as inanimate objects akin to cars, houses or other personal items. Custody cases come down to determining who the sole owner is.
In Australia, there is no legislation as to how to courts should navigate living arrangements for pets after a breakup.