The teachings of Buddha form the basis of the Buddhist world view and practice. Buddha, also known as Siddartha Gautama, was born in 624 BC, as a royal prince in a town called Lumbini, located in northern India, but is now part of Nepal. His parents named him Siddartha because there were remarkable predictions about his future. At the age of twenty-nine, Siddartha Gautama abandoned the indulgence of his royal life. He wandered off into the world in search of understanding life. When he came across an old man, a sick man, a deceased man, and a Monk, Gautama was most certainly convinced that suffering was at the end of all existence.
He denied his title of being prince and decided to become a monk, by stripping himself away of worldly possessions in the hopes of understanding the truth in the world. The consummation of his exploration came about while he was meditating beneath a Bodhi tree, where he was finally able to understand how to be liberated and free from any suffering and ultimately, to achieve salvation. Furthermore, ensuing this insight, Siddartha was known as the Buddha, which holds the meaning “The Enlightened One.” Throughout traveling India, the Buddha spent the remainder of his life teaching others what he had come to realize and understand. Moreover, Buddha taught about earthly suffering and its cure.
Buddhism eventually spread around the world to countries, such as England, Switzerland, Nepal, Mongolia, Singapore, Australia, Vietnam, Japan, and the United States. Buddhism is thus significant today and its perceptions, as in the sixth century BCE, when the one who became Shakyamuni Buddha relinquished a life of luxury to save all awakened beings from affliction.