NEW DELHI: The International Monetary Fund (IMF) said India’s economy is gradually recovering after it was hit by two Covid waves, but it cautioned the authorities against inflationary pressures. The agency recommended slow reduction in monetary policy support as recovery gains ground.
The IMF said while the impact of Covid-19 on investment and human capital could prolong the recovery and affect medium-term growth, the recovery could also be faster than expected because of the pace of vaccination and economic reforms, report agencies.
“The second wave resulted in another sharp fall in activity, albeit smaller and shorter and recently high frequency indicators suggest an ongoing recovery,” it said.
It warned that a persistent negative impact of Covid-19 on investment, human capital, and other growth drivers could prolong the recovery and impact medium-term growth. While India benefits from favourable demographics, disruption to access to education and training due to the pandemic could weigh on improvements in human capital.
However, it said, “faster vaccination and better therapeutics could help contain the spread and limit the impact of the pandemic”.
Additionally, successful implementation of the announced wide-ranging structural reforms could increase India’s growth potential, the board said in its report released on Friday.
It agreed that maintaining an accommodative monetary policy remains appropriate.
The IMF projected India’s economic growth at 9.5 per cent for the current financial year and the headline consumer price inflation-based inflation at 5.6 per cent amid elevated price pressures.