The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved a $250 million policy-based loan to support Bangladesh’s economic recovery following the coronavirus pandemic.
This is the first sub-programme of the programmatic $500 million Sustainable Economic Recovery Program. The loan was approved in ADB headquarters in Manila on Friday, says an ADB release.
This will be pursued through policy reforms that will create fiscal space to enhance public expenditure and support the recovery and growth of cottage, micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (CMSMEs). The loan will support the government’s planned public investment in education, health, social protection, and infrastructure and help to stimulate economic activities and economic recovery.
It is also aligned with the core objectives of the country’s Eighth Five-Year Plan and supports the aspiration of Bangladesh to become an upper middle-income country by 2031.
“The fiscal space created under the program will allow the government to prioritize expenditures and upscale investment in social and economic infrastructure,” said ADB Principal Financial Management Specialist Srinivasan Janardanam.
“The program is expected to increase the efficiency in public investment management and create a favorable environment for access to credit, particularly for the poor and vulnerable.”
To promote fiscal sustainability, the program will help the government address two key constraints to public investments in critically needed physical and social infrastructure.
The COVID-19 pandemic has also severely impacted micro-entrepreneurs and small businesses in the country.
Limited access to affordable finance is one of the most critical constraints faced by CMSMEs.
Only 28 percent of the larger CMSMEs, or small and medium-sized enterprises, have access to formal bank credit. Enhancing access to credit for CMSMEs will lower borrowing costs, protect this important segment of the economy, support inclusive growth, and absorb the demographic dividend.
The programme will widen access to finance for women entrepreneurs, particularly those running CMSMEs, by introducing or modifying refinancing programs and credit guarantee schemes with an earmarked portion for women entrepreneurs.
The programme will also encourage more women-led start-ups by earmarking 10 percent of new start-up financing for them.
ADB’s support coincides with the finalization of Bangladesh’s Eighth Five-Year Plan and the launch of the new ADB country partnership strategy for Bangladesh, 2021–2025.
The policy-based loan program reaffirms ADB’s commitment to the Bangladesh economy.
ADB provided a $500 million countercyclical support facility (pandemic response option) in 2020, towards immediate budgetary support to the economy in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic to part-finance incremental health, social and economic expenditures by the government.