Sunday, 17 October, 2021

Tree plantation in the eyes of Islam

  • Dr Muhammad Mahtab Hossain Mazed
  • 24 September, 2021 12:00 AM
  • Print news

Tree is Allah's impeccable creation. The trembling of green leafy tree awakens the soul. A pollution-free environment is essential for a healthy living. And the need for trees to maintain a clean and balanced environment is immense. According to environmental researchers, Bangladesh needs about 25 percent of forestry. But, at present, only 10 percent of it exists. So, there is no alternative to planting trees to keep the environment balanced and fresh. Islam has encouraged and emphasized tree plantation and caring trees. Rasulullah (PBUH). He (PBUH) said, "If you know for sure that the Hour has come, then if you have a sapling of a tree in your hand, which can be planted, then you will plant that sapling." (Adabul Mufrad, Hadith: 479). Allah (SWT) bestows this invaluable blessing on His (SWT) servants through greenery and various fruit-bearing trees as a means of subsistence. Apart from that, Allah (SWT) has also beautified this world with green forests and trees. Regarding trees, the Holy Qur'an says, "I have spread out the earth and made mountains, and caused to grow therein all kinds of beautiful plants." And We send down rain from the sky, and therewith bring forth gardens and mature crops, the crops of which are reaped. (Surah Kaf, verses 7-9) In another verse Allah (SWT) says, ‘Do they not see that We cause water to flow over the barren land and to bring forth crops from which their cattle and they (Surah: Sajdah, verse: 27) take food. Not only is the environment that can be protected by tree plantation and caring trees, but many rewards can also be obtained through this charitable work. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) encouraged and instructed the Sahaabah by mentioning the virtues of tree plantation. It is narrated in the hadith, "If a Muslim plants a tree or produces a grain and eats from it a person or a bird or an animal, it will be considered as sadaqa (donation) for the producer." (Bukhari, Hadith: 2320). Another hadith says, "Whoever plants a tree, Allah (SWT) will reward him in return for the fruit of that tree." (Musnad Ahmad, Hadith: 23567). Punishment of unnecessary deforestation in Islam: Unnecessary deforestation is often reported in the media, which is highly reprehensible. Unnecessary cutting down of a beneficial tree that is helping us to create a livable environment cannot be the work of any conscientious person. If deforestation continues like this, the level of pollution will increase and at one time there will be a terrible environmental catastrophe. Today's modern state system has taken some steps against deforestation to protect environment whereas fourteen hundred and fifty years ago Islam imposed strictness on deforestation unnecessarily. Rasulullah (peace be upon him) He (PBUH) said, ‘Whoever cuts down a plum tree, Allah (SWT) will cast him down to Hell. When Imam Abu Dawood (R.H.) was asked about the meaning of this hadith, he said that the narration of this hadith is concise. Throw him down to hell. '(Abu Dawud, Hadith: 5239) Even the next caliph, including the Prophet (peace be upon him), used to instruct the soldiers not to destroy any of the enemy's plants or crops. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to say, ‘You will not uproot any tree.’ (Musannafe)

Abdur Razzak, Hadith: 9430) Because, a tree is an invaluable blessing of Allah (SWT), the Almighty. Destroying it could lead to the extinction of humans as well as other living things on earth. According to various research reports, about 600 species of plants have disappeared from the earth in the last 25 years. Not only plants, but also many birds, mammals and amphibians have been lost. Scientists say 500 times more than expected. Rapid extinction of these plants is a very bad news for the world. Oxford University researcher Rob Salgero said, "Food, shelter, construction materials everything we get from plants." In addition, indirectly relying on plants to maintain the ecological balance, carbon sequestration, oxygen generation and even to improve human mental health.

Trees prostrate to Allah (SWT):

A tree prostrates to the great Allah (SWT), recites his tasbih. The Qur’an declares, ‘Have you not seen what is in the heavens and the earth, the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountains, the trees and the animals, and many people worship Allah? (Surah Hajj, verse: 18) The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) planted and cared for trees with his own hands. The importance of tree plantation in Islam is immense. Trees plantation has been considered as an act of worship. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) encouraged people to plant trees many times. Agriculture is one of the activities that Islam has inspired people to do to increase the fertility of land. Because, if the land is fertile then the yield is good and the environment is good. People do not fall sick easily.

Encouragement of the Prophet (peace be upon him) for tree plantation:

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) encouraged agriculture and tree plantation so that the plant grows and maintains a healthy environment. In a hadith narrated from Anas, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, ‘If a Muslim plants a tree or sows a crop in a field. .And if any insect or man or four-legged animal eats from it, then it will be considered as charity for him. (Bukhari, Hadith: 2320; Muslim, Hadith: 4055)

It is clear in the hadith the motivation for tree plantation. .By planting trees a servant gets a fair assessment from his owner. The reward is being written in the record of the creature from the tree grown in the upbringing of the servant only if someone plays something or benefits a little. Even if the person dies, it will be added as a charity.

Rewards for tree plantation:

Islam has encouraged tree plantation in various ways. If any fruit-bearing trees are affected by any natural calamity then plant more trees and its proper receipt will be given to the servant. The Prophet (peace be upon him). He (PBUH) said, "Whoever plants a tree and is patient in caring for and preserving it until it bears fruit, Allah (SWT) will reward him for every good deed." (Musnad Ahmad, Hadith: 16702; Shuabul Iman, Hadith: 3223). Let us engage in planting trees with an aim of creating a healthy, beautiful and green environment. In this way, we will share in the reward by following the instructions of the Prophet (peace be upon him). In the same way, our environment will be protected. May Allah grant us Tawfiq.


The writer is the health secretary of Sabuj Andolan Central Executive Council

Email: [email protected]