Atomic energy is one of the most talked about and feared issues in the world today. The energy obtained by breaking or splitting the nucleus of an atom is called atomic energy. A nuclear power plant is a type of plant whose job is to produce the necessary heat energy using nuclear reactions. Steam is produced using this heat energy. Steam turbines run on steam, and electricity is generated by steam turbines. Simply put, the main function of a nuclear power plant is to generate electricity using the principle of energy conservation to the fullest. Atomic energy is also being used in medicine, plant and animal genetic modification. Many countries have made weapons with it. There are currently 442 nuclear projects in operation in the world.
~Advantages of nuclear energy:~
2. It does not produce carbon dioxide, so it does not emit greenhouse gases.
3. A lot of fuel energy can be produced using less fuel.
4. Very little waste is generated.
5. Nuclear power plants are relatively stable and reliable.
~Disadvantages of nuclear energy:~
2. When the project explodes, it affects a huge area for a long time and many casualties occur immediately.
3. It costs a lot of money for security.
4. It has the potential to be misused, such as bomb-making. The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan are vivid examples.
Many may be surprised to learn that nuclear power plants are relatively safe. Furthermore, in the current power plants, the mistakes of the past are not being repeated. According to the World Health Organization, about four million people die each year from air pollution. Fossil fuels are largely responsible for this huge number of deaths. However, we think that fossil fuels are quite safe. On the other hand, very few people have died due to nuclear plants in its 60-year history. Even so, due to the accidents which occurred at Chernobyl and Fukushima, many have assumed that nuclear energy is not safe.
We can make a comparative judgment on the safety of different types of fuel sources. In this case, there is an estimate of death for every thousand terawatts-hours of electricity. For example, power generation from coal kills about one lakh people per thousand terawatt-hours. The number of deaths due to natural gas is four thousand. On the other hand, 440 people are indirectly dying to generate that amount of electricity in solar panels. The reader will be surprised to know that the safest energy source subject to these statistics is nuclear fuel. Only 90 people die per thousand terawatt-hours of electricity from this source (Statista.com and Forbes).
MD. Miraz Hossain Chowdhury