KABUL: The Taliban moved on Tuesday to quickly restart the Afghan capital following their stunning takeover of Kabul and told government staff to return to work, though residents reacted cautiously and few women took to the streets, reports AFP.
Tens of thousands of people have tried to flee Afghanistan to escape the hardline Islamist rule expected under the Taliban, or fearing direct retribution for siding with the US-backed government that ruled for the past two decades.
The Taliban led a pariah regime from 1996 to 2001, infamous for a brutal rule in which girls could not go to school, women were barred from working in jobs that would put them in contact with men, and people were stoned to death.
US-led forces invaded following the September 11 attacks, in response to the Taliban giving sanctuary to Al-Qaeda, and toppled them.
Now the Taliban are back in power, they have sought to project an air of restraint and moderation, including by on Tuesday announcing a “general amnesty” for government workers.
“Those working in any part or department of the government should resume their duties with full satisfaction and continue their duties without any fear,” a Taliban statement said.
Some shops also reopened as traffic police were back on the streets, while Taliban officials planned a first diplomatic meeting—with the Russian ambassador.
However, schools and universities remained closed, few women openly took to the streets and men had shed their Western clothes for traditional garb.
“The fear is there,” said a shopkeeper who asked not to be named after opening his small neighbourhood provisions store.
The UN Security Council also said Monday the international community must ensure Afghanistan does not become a breeding ground for terrorism.
“The world is watching,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said.
The Taliban took effective control of the country on Sunday when president Ashraf Ghani fled and the insurgents walked into Kabul with no opposition.
It capped a staggeringly fast rout of all cities in just 10 days, achieved with relatively little bloodshed, following two decades of war that claimed hundreds of thousands of lives.
The collapse came after President Joe Biden withdrew US troops, under the false belief that the Afghan army—with billions of dollars in American funding and training—was strong enough to withstand the Taliban.
In his first comments since the Taliban victory, Biden admitted the Taliban advance had unfolded more quickly than expected.
But he heaped criticism on Ghani’s government, insisted he had no regrets, and emphasised US troops could not defend a nation whose leaders “gave up and fled”.
“We gave them every chance to determine their own future. We could not provide them with the will to fight for that future,” Biden said in his address at the White House.
“American troops cannot and should not be fighting in a war and dying in a war that Afghan forces are not willing to fight for themselves.”
The United States has also come under criticism for its handling of the evacuations of Afghans.
Washington sent 6,000 troops to ensure the safe evacuation of embassy staff, as well as Afghans who worked as interpreters or in other support roles.
Other governments, including France, Germany and Australia, also organised charter flights.
But on Monday, dramatic footage posted on social media showed hundreds of men running alongside a US Air Force plane as it rolled down the runway, with some clinging to the side of it.
In other videos, civilians frantically clambered up an already overcrowded and buckling jetway.
“The images of desperation at Kabul airport are shameful for the political West,” German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier said.
China also continued its verbal barrage against the United States over the situation in Afghanistan.
“(Washington) left an awful mess of unrest, division and broken families,” Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying told reporters.