MANILA: The Philippine economy grew at its fastest annual pace in over three decades in the second quarter, rebounding from a COVID-induced slump a year ago, but tighter curbs are clouding the outlook, reinforcing an accommodative monetary stance.
Gross domestic product (GDP) rose 11.8per cent in the June quarter, the biggest year-on-year expansion since the fourth quarter of 1988, the statistics agency said on Tuesday, report agencies.
The economy, however, contracted a seasonally adjusted 1.3per cent in the April-June period, after growing 0.3per cent in the previous quarter.
The figures come ahead of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas’ (BSP) policy review on Thursday. Ahead of the GDP data release, the central bank was widely expected to keep the policy rate at a record low of 2.0per cent.
“The robust performance is driven by more than just base effects. It is the result of a better balance between addressing COVID-19 and the need to restore jobs and incomes of the people,” said Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Karl Chua.
Household consumption grew 7.2per cent in the second quarter from a COVID-induced slump a year ago, but government spending dropped 4.9per cent - the first year-on-year contraction since 2017.
The industrial and services sectors grew 20.8per cent and 9.6per cent, respectively from the second quarter of 2020, while agriculture, forestry, and fishing shrank 0.1per cent.
Economists say this looks increasingly unlikely as tightening curbs cloud the economic outlook. The government has reimposed movement restrictions across greater Manila and some provinces from Aug. 6 as infections have risen in the country with the second-worst coronavirus outbreak in Southeast Asia.
The Philippines has seen cases growing at a rate of around 8,000 to 10,000 a day over recent weeks, above the daily average of 5,700 cases reported last month.
Capital Economics cut its 2021 growth forecast to 5per cent from 6per cent on Tuesday. ANZ said it trimmed its full-year growth forecast last week to 4.2per cent from 4.8per cent.
“COVID cases surged again in July-August, subjecting the capital region to tight restrictions. This will impact the H2 growth outlook although the pace of vaccination has improved of late,” said ANZ analysts in a note.
While they said the “real burden of reviving the economy is on fiscal policy”, expecting the central bank to maintain its accommodative stance, Capital Economics is betting on more monetary easing.