Tuesday, 28 September, 2021

Wildlife Protection a Low Priority

Zerin Tabassum Godhuli

We all believe that every creation of God is beautiful. But do you believe that we, human beings, are responsible for the extinction and endangerment of these beautiful creations, especially wildlife? Thanks to activities, such as illegal hunting, deforestation for development and arable lands and water, air and soil pollution, those are damaging the ecosystem every now and then. Lastly, anthropogenic (human-caused) global climate change. However, air pollution and the colony collapse of bees are also slowly destroying our plant life. All of these activities are paving the way for wildlife extinction and endangerment.

We have already known that species like Nilgais, Banteng, Indian Peafowl, Pink Headed Duck, Sloth Bears, White Winged Duck, Bengal Floricans and so on, are enlisted in the extinct species list. Once upon a time, these species were abundant in Tetulia, Cox’s Bazaar, Gazipur, North Bengal, Kuakata, Chittagong hill tracts, Sylhet and Mymensingh area in Bangladesh. But they are now declared extinct species.

According to the International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) list, some plants and animals are on the verge of extinction because of human activities. For instance, Hog deer, Blue whale, Red-headed vulture, Wild water buffalo, Asian elephant, Bengal tiger, Gharial, Legion aloes, Prairie Fringed Orchid, Rafflesia Flower, Georgia Aster, Wiggin’s Acalypha, and Texas Wild Rice are on the verge of extinction.

Indiscriminate killing of animals, poaching, deforestation and lack of food have been threatening the wildlife to a great extend. IUCN has found that approximately 31 species have already been extinct. Some 390 more species are threatened. Besides, during an assessment, 160 assessors assessed 1,619 species and categorised 390 threatened species: 56 are critically endangered, 181 endangered, 153 vulnerable endangered, and unfortunately, 31 species have been listed as regional extinct.

Here are some incidents which happened in recent times:

•             Due to the injuries by fishermen’s net, three dead dolphins were found on the beach of Kuakata, said Patuakhali District Fisheries Officer Mollah Emdadullah.

•             Around 400 doves, pigeons died in Bagerhat after having bird foods mixed with poison.

•             Elephant found dead in Cox’s Bazaar forest due to fallen from a hill. People of Cox’s Bazaar cut hill for shelter. Besides, Rohingya people are clearing forests for firewoods and shelters, causing to shrink change elephants’ habitation and obstruct their walking route. As a result, they are now trying to come to the camps, in search of food and habitat. About 38 elephants are now trapped in a shrinking forest, next to the main camp at Kutupalong.

Covid-19 is posing a big threat to wildlife. Most of the people lost their job and returned to rural areas. For building shelter, they are cutting down trees. Almost 80% animals and plants live in forest and deforestation badly impact on wildlife. Generally speaking, for our cruelty and irresponsibility, wild animals are fighting for survival every day.

The government has been trying to protect wildlife. To protect wildlife from extinction, it has enacted a law, namely the WILDLIFE (CONSERVATION AND SECURITY) ACT, 2012. The act covers the conservation and protection of wildlife, safety of forests and necessary management for the wildlife. Moreover, article 18A of our constitution states, "The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to preserve and safeguard the natural resources, biodiversity, wetlands, forests and wildlife for the present and future citizens."

But still, huge wildlife is in danger. So, the government should take immediate steps to protect the endangered wildlife and restriction some areas where people cannot enter and disturb wildlife. As the most intelligent species on the earth, we all humans have the responsibility to protect our wildlife from danger. Next, we have to stop deforestation, hunting and killing wildlife. We have to stop the illegal selling of pangolins, birds, crocodiles, tigers, bears and other animals. The law enforcement agencies should keep an eye on this. However, as a human, we all connect with our innocent wildlife. So, it is our duty to protect them, not to destroy them.


The writer is a student of the

Department of Law, North

South University