Bengalis have always been attached to Monsoon and been influenced by its splendid beauty. Along with all other features of the season, her rich variety of flowers has never failed to amaze them. Be it literature, music or festivals, presence of monsoon flowers is everywhere in Bengali life.
If you think of rainy day flowers, Kadam (Anthocephalus indicus) would be the first name that will come to your mind. This round shaped yellowish flower symbolises rain, love, and love-making. The romance of Krishna and Radha under the Kadam tree is a legend relived for ages. Besides, Kadam appears in the melodies of Tagore, Abbasuddin and Humayun Ahmed.Keya (Pandanus tectorius) is another major flower of the monsoon. In Dhaka, this gorgeous flower is seen in the Baldha Garden, Ramna Park and Botanical Garden. Keya is known as the queen of the rainy season and a much mentioned flower in Tagore’s poetry.
Malati (Aganosma dichotoma) is a big, woody climber which looks like stars glittering in the trees. The superb fragrance of this lovely flower is frequently described in Nazrul’s poems and songs. And indeed this small five-petalled white flower fills the air of the rainy days.
Jhumkolata (Passiflora caerulea) is a pretty flower of the rainy season. The flower of this creeping plant seems like an ornament. This plant can easily be identified for its triangular leaves. Her thick thread-like petals are arranged in square shape. Another five-petalled lovely monsoon flower is Lutki (Melastoma malabathricum). This small shrub grows year-round on edges of paddy fields, Sal forest and the hilly areas. But during the rains, they grow tall. Their combination of purple petals and bright yellow stamens is simply stunning.
As a monsoon flower, Kathalichanpa (Artobotrys odoratissimus) is adored by many. This sweet-scented flower sometimes escapes our eyes as it often remains hidden behind the leaves.
Many aquatic plants which persevere patiently throughout the year find new life with the rains. They adorn the water bodies where they grow in. Water lily (Nymphaea pubescens), Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), Shaluk (Nymphaea nauchalli), and Chandmala (Nymphoides indica) are some of them.
Water lily, our national flower, of course stands apart. Her beauty in the early morning seems celestial. Lotus blooms in plenty in numbers and provides beels (water bodies) and canals a very attractive look.Some herbal plants also bear flowers in the monsoon. Two such flowers are Sorpogondha (Rauwolfia serpentina) and Ulatcondal (Gloriosa superba). Charm of these two flowers astounds all.
Apart from these flowers, Nishipadma (Epiphyllum oxypetalum), Jui (Jasminum auriculatum), Chalta (Dilenia Indica), Sukhdorshan (Crinum amabile), Chamely (Jasminum grandiflorum), Hongsolata (Aristolochia elegans), Sultanchanpa (Calophyllum inophyllum), Kamini (Murraya paniculata), Aparajita (Clitoria ternatea), Nayantara (Catharanthus roseus), Nagalingam (Couroupita guianensis), Dhol kolmi (Ipomoea carnea) etc. monsoon flowers give a soothing experience to the eyes of nature lovers.