Life expectancy in Bangladesh has increased to 72.8 years from 72.6 years in a span of one year mainly thanks to improved sanitation facility and drinking water supply across the country.
Bangladesh Sample Vital Statistics 2020 of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) unveiled on Monday suggest that Bangladeshi women are enjoying nearly two years more life than men.Men’s life expectancy in the country has risen to 71.2 years from 71.1 years, while that of women increased from 74.2 years to 74.5 years of the previous year, the BBS data said.
“People of Bangladesh are gradually heading towards a better life. They now get pure water, food and education. This reflects the increase in life expectancy,” Planning Minister MA Mannan said while addressing the data unveiling event at BBS auditorium.
Directorate General of Health Services Prof Dr Abul Bashar Mohammad Khurshid Alam said the achievement of the health sector is the result of improved sanitation facility and pure drinking water supply across the country.
Use of sanitary latrine remained static at 81.5 percent in 2019 and 2020. The rate was 75 percent four years ago. Defecation in open space slightly fell from 1.5 percent to 1.3 percent.
Access to drinking water (tap or tube-well) improved further to 98.3 percent in the country which was 98.1 percent in the previous year.
The BBS has estimated the country’s total population at 169.11 million on January 1, 2021, including 84.64 million men and 84.47 million women. Total population was 166.50 million in 2019.Literacy rate for 15+ aged population increased to 75.6 percent from 74.7 percent in a span of one year while literacy rate for the population aged over 7 years rose from 74.4 percent to 75.2 percent.
Most importantly, literacy rate among women aged over 7 years rose to 72.9 percent from 72.3 percent, but the rate for women aged over 15 years increased more to 73 percent from 71.9 percent in 2019.
“It is wonderful thing that women’s literacy rate has risen to 72.9 percent,” an Mannan said.
Under-five child mortality rate for every thousand live birth remained unchanged at 28 at the national level but dropped to 28 from 28 at rural level in 2020. National mortality rate for male child also fell to 29 from 30.
Maternal mortality rate, an important SDG, slipped from 1.65 to 1.63. Amid the corona pandemic crude death rate for every 1000 population soared again to 5.1 in 2020 after it fell to 5 percent and 4.9 percent in 2018 and 2019 respectively.
The fall in child and maternal mortality rates resulted from the country’s world acclaimed vaccination campaign, said Dr Bashar.
Meanwhile, annual population growth rate (RNI) came down to 1.30 which was 1.32 in the previous year.
Crude birth rate (CBR), on the other hand, remained unchanged at 18.1 per 1000 population with urban CBR going down to 15.3 from 15.9 but rural CBR rising from 20 to 20.4.
General fertility rate per 1000 women dropped to 65 from 66 while the rate in rural area was the same at 76 but urban rate declined 53 from 55. Total fertility rate remained static at 2.04 in 2020.
Contraceptive prevalence rate also rose to 63.9 percent last year which was 63.4 percent in the previous year as its use is growing more among rural people.
Mean age of first marriage for men remained unchanged at 24.2 years at the national level in 2020 but dropped to 25.1 years from 25.3 years among urban men.
The mean age of first marriage for women rose to 18.7 years in 2020 from 18.5 years a year earlier.
Electricity coverage in the country improved to 96.2 percent in 2020 which was 93.5 percent a year earlier. Solar power use declined to 2.4 percent from 3.3 percent while use of kerosene as the source of light declined to 1.2 percent from 2.9 percent a year earlier, suggest BBS data.
Men still continue to dominate households although the number of men-headed households fell slightly. The number of men household heads dropped to 85 percent from 85.4 percent while that of women household heads rose from 14.6 percent to 15 percent.
Meanwhile, population density increased further to 1,140 per square kilometer which was at 1125 one year ago.
Bangladesh Sample Vital Statistics report 2020 has been prepared under the third phase of Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB) Project.