Despite huge potentials, mango export from the country is not rising in proportion to the increase in production in recent years.
Demand for Bangladeshi mango is high in the global market, but most of local producers can’t comply with phytosanitary requirement of many countries.Export of mango was 664.96 tonnes in FY 2015-16, 308.9 tonnes in FY 2016-17, 231.257 tonnes in FY 2017-18 and 308.744 tonnes in FY 2018-19.
But it slipped to 207 tonnes in FY 2019-20 due to corona impacts, informed Mohammad Mozibul Hoque, senior manager of supply chain and business development specialist of Solidaridad Network Asia.
So far, some 300 tonnes of mango has already been exported this year, he also informed. “Mango production is increasing by 7-8 percent in recent year. Last year the production was around 24 lakh tonnes. If we can export 5-10 percent of the total production, it will be a good prospect for farmers,” Mohammad Mozibul Hoque said.
In recent years, the juicy fruit production surged a lot thanks to the support of Year-Round Fruit Production for Nutrition Improvement project in Bangladesh.
Country produced 24,68,050 tonnes of mango in FY 2019-20, 22,28,972 tonnes in FY 2018-19, 23,72,216 tonnes in FY2017-18, 21,43,443 tonnes in FY 2016-17 while the production was 15,04,815 tonnes in FY 2012-13, according to Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE) data.
According to FAO, Bangladesh achieved 10th position by producing 14, 56,331 tonnes of mangoes, mangosteens and guavas production in 2019 while India secured first position by producing 2, 56,31,000 tonnes.Mehedi Masood, director of a project of Year-Round Fruit Production for Nutrition Improvement under Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE), told the Daily Sun that fruit production has increased manifold in the country in the last 10 years.
“Now we have to increase export of mango as an opportunity created by huge production,” he said.
The Himsagar, Gopalbhog, Langra, Fazli varieties from Rajshahi, and Chapainawabganj were the main source of mangoes once.
But Amropali mango, which has been modified a decade ago, has cleared the way for cultivating mangoes across the country.
Around 40 percent of the country’s total mango harvest of Amropali is cultivated mostly in the south and southwest part of the country.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the UN, Bangladesh marks the highest rate of growth in fruit production among the world's fruit producing countries. Supposedly it is the tenth largest tropical fruit producer currently.