India’s economic activity slows down in April

28 May, 2021 12:00 AM printer

NEW DELHI: India’s economic activity showed signs of beginning to cool off in April as several states resorted to lockdowns to control a deadly second wave of the coronavirus.

Although the three-month weighted average scores of eight indicators tracked by Bloomberg News showed the pace of activity was unchanged from March, the single month reading pointed to weakness setting in, report agencies.

The growing economic pain may render next week’s gross domestic product numbers a sideshow. Data on Monday will probably show the economy grew near about 1 per cent from a year earlier in the March quarter, and faster than the 0.4 per cent expansion in the prior three months, before India became the global hotspot for virus infections.

Activity in India’s dominant services sector moderated for a second straight month in April. The IHS Markit India Services PMI eased to 54 from 54.6, with a reading above 50 signaling growth. A similar survey for the manufacturing sector showed expansion picking up just a tad.

At the same time, input costs have been rising with implications for headline inflation. That is likely to come up for discussion at next week’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting to decide interest rates.

Exports soared in April, mainly because of a low base the year earlier when a nationwide lockdown crippled economic activity. Shipments jumped 196 per cent, while imports increased 167 per cent year-on-year. Sequentially though, both measures moderated.

Google mobility indicators exhibited a dip across all major cities in April as compared to the baseline. E-way bills—an indicator of domestic trade—recorded double digit contraction at 17.5 per cent month-on-month in April—and possibly pointing to a moderation in goods and services tax collections.

Most passenger vehicle manufacturers reported a month-on-month dip in April, reflecting subdued demand. Dispatches of two wheelers contracted by double-digits, mirroring frail rural demand. Tractor sales weakened amid supply chain constraints and dwindling footfalls at dealerships.

Bank credit grew 5.7 per cent in April from a year earlier, picking up from 5.6 per cent expansion seen in March, central bank data showed. Liquidity conditions stayed comfortable, with the banking system in surplus.

Industrial production expanded, jumping 22.4 per cent in March from a year earlier, mainly because of a favorable base. But numbers for April are likely at risk from activity curbs because of state-level lockdowns.

Output at infrastructure industries, which makes up 40 per cent of the industrial production index, expanded 6.8 per cent in March from a year ago. Both data are published with a one-month lag.