Teamwork is a coordinated or organised effort by a group to achieve a common goal. Each member of the group has something unique that he/she can contribute, giving teamwork one of its biggest advantages which is the combined strength of having other people’s ideas, skills, and experiences pooled together.
All organisms are part of the ecosystem and work together to keep it alive. The forces of ecosystem act as a team to maintain the balance of nature. Humans have been forming groups and teams for the purpose of protection, feeling of togetherness, purpose of collecting food stuffs to satisfy the basic need of food etc. Whether nomadic or settled near a river or an oasis, they stuck together, because nobody can leave all alone without others’ help and support. Culture has also significant impacts on how members within a group act. In accordance with this phenomenon societies have been divided into two categories: individualistic society and collectivistic society.Even in the 21st century, men prefer to work together in a team because they thrive well in their respective jobs. A man no matter how talented cannot reach great heights without some form of help from his associates. A man with a team to support him often accomplishes great things. From software engineers collaborating to write codes to football players playing in the field, team work is increasingly being used as the foundation of success and is rightfully considered as the backbone of success. Some of the finest examples of teamwork are found in sports. Great athletes have acknowledged that championships are owned by great teams. While individual skills and efforts in sports are important, teamwork is paramount.
Teamwork has significant contributions in the field of science and technology. In the era of globalization, organisations like IBM, Microsoft prefers to work in teams and by dispersing value-creation activities to different places outside the US are lowering costs to develop new software. With the help of good communication which in turn develops cohesiveness, trust and strong relationship among team members, teamwork in NASA proved to be an integral part of the space missions since Apollo 13.
To form an efficient team, members should have clear goals, relevant skills, mutual trust, unified commitment, good communication, negotiation skills, appropriate leadership, and internal and external support. The advantages of teamwork are that it outperform individuals, pools resources, ideas and expertise, provides a way to better use employee talents, fosters creativity, builds trust, teaches conflict resolution skills, prompts a wider sense of ownership, blends complementary skills, greater control over tasks, encourages risk-taking. The key challenges of teamwork are cooperation among team members, unwillingness to share information; differences in opinion; over emphasis of personal interest.
In conclusion, almost every aspect of life is connected to teamwork which makes it essential. Indubitably, team work if managed properly can accomplish wonders. All that is required is little understanding. Teamwork is more flexible and responsive.
The writer is a student of CSE at the University of East Anglia (UEA), UK