The nation is set to observe the historic Mujibnagar Day today commemorating the oath taking event of the provisional government of Bangladesh at Baiddyanathtala in Meherpur under Kushtia district in 1971.
The historic development came on this day in 1971, 22 days after the proclamation of independence by Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in the early hours of March 26.Bangabandhu declared the independence after Pakistani occupation forces carried out a crackdown on unarmed Bengalis on the night of March 25.
On April 10, 1971, the provisional government was formed with Bangabandhu
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as the president, Syed Nazrul Islam as vice-president, Tajuddin Ahmed as prime minister, Khandakar Mustaque Ahmed as foreign minister, Capt (Retd) M Mansur Ali as finance minister and AHM Qamaruzzaman as home minister.
It was also decided that Syed Nazrul Islam will perform as the acting president in the absence of Bangabandhu.
Colonel (retired) Ataul Ghani Osmani, a member of the national assembly, was made the commander-in-chief while Colonel (retired) Abdur Rob made the chief of staff of Mukti Bahini.
Bangabandhu was taken captive by Pakistani army soon after his declaration of independence. Prime Minister Tajuddin Ahmed led the country’s War of Independence.Baiddyanathtala, which witnessed the formation of the provisional government, was later renamed Mujibnagar after Sheikh Mujibur Rahman who inspired the nation to fight for independence.
Awami League under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s leadership swept the 1970 general election in the then East Pakistan. It won 160 out of 162 National Assembly seats of Pakistan and 288 of the 300 Provincial Assembly seats.
Marking the day, President Abdul Hamid and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina urged the countrymen to make effective role in building non-communal, hunger and poverty free, developed and prosperous ‘Sonar Banglad’ as dreamt by the Father of the Nation.
In his message, the President extended his heartiest greetings and congratulations to the countrymen and all Bangladeshis staying abroad on the occasion of the historic Mujibnagar Day.
He said April 17 is a memorable day in the long path of struggle for independence of the Bangalee nation.
With the formation of the Mujibnagar Government, a constitutional government had appeared to administer the Liberation War under the leadership of the representatives elected by the people in the 1970 election, he said.
Because of the formation of the government, the President Hamid said, the world community extended their support and hands of cooperation to Bangalees who were fighting armed battle for independence.
In her message, the Prime Minister said April 17, the historic Mujibnagar Day, is a memorable one in the national life of Bangalees.
The Premier said within two hours after the completion of formalities of the Mujibnagar Government, Pakistani Air Force occupied Meherpur by carrying out bombings and attacks.
As a result, the provisional government was bound to take shelter in India and continued its activities from there, she said.
On the 50th anniversary of Mujibnagar Day, the Prime Minister urged all to uphold the independence that was earned through the supreme sacrifice of 30 lakh martyrs and two lakh tortured mothers and sisters.
She urged the countrymen to play an effective role in building non-communal, hunger and poverty free, developed and prosperous Sonar Bangladesh as dreamt by Father of the Nation by resisting all sorts of conspiracies.
She wished a success of all programmes marking the Mujibnagar Day.
Several programmes have been taken to observe the historic Mujibnagar Day maintaining the health guidelines amid the coronavirus pandemic.
The day will begin with hoisting of the national flag at sunrise at Liberation War Memorial Centre at Mujibnagar.
Later, wreaths will be placed at 9:30 am at the Liberation War Memorial Center in Mujibnagar maintaining by the health rules.
Led by Liberation War Minister AKM Mozammel Haque, wreath will be laid at the portrait of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on Bangabandhu Bhaban premises at Dhanmondi-32 in the city at 10:00 am.
On this day, various socio-cultural organizations will hold virtual discussions and meetings while similar programmes will be held at district and upazila levels and also at Bangladesh embassies abroad highlighting the significance of the day.
Awami League leaders and activists will place wreaths at the portrait of Bangabandhu at Bangabandhu Bhaban in the capital on the occasion.
National and party flags will be hoisted atop at Bangabandhu Bhaban at Dhanmondi and party offices across the country at 6:00am. The national flag will also be hoisted at Mujibnagar.
On behalf of Awami League, a delegation-led by AL joint general secretary Mahbub-ul-Alam Hanif will also place floral wreath at the Mujibnagar Memorial at 10:00am.
Newspapers will publish special supplements while Bangladesh Betar and Bangladesh Television and private TV channels will air different programmes highlighting significance of the day.
An e-poster has been published at the initiative of the Father of the Nation Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s Birth Centenary Celebration National Implementation Committee marking the historic Mujibnagar Day.
As part of paying homage to the Bangabandhu in ‘Mujib Year’, the e-poster of the historic Mujibnagar Day has been titled with his words “Bangladesh will survive in history as an independent country. There is no force that can keep Bengal down”, a press release said.
The national implementation committee has requested all to spread the e-poster widely in electronic, online and social media on behalf of the committee to celebrate the birth centenary of Bangabandhu.