Women are advancing in education and job market remarkably thanks to various initiatives taken by the government in the country.
This has been possible as the Awami League government took various steps for women education in the country after it had come to power in 2009.The government is taking some dynamic steps to achieve the goal of education so that it can achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The government is doing the needful to bring equality in the proportion of enrollment in primary and secondary education.
Although, 2015 was the deadline to meet the goals of MDGs, it was possible by Bangladesh government to achieve it a few years before the timeline.
Talking to the Daily Sun, educationist Prof AAMS Arefin Siddique said, “I think the government’s moral commitment to improve female education in the country is one of the key reasons behind the success story of the women in education.”
He said “Stipends for girl students, free textbooks and women-friendly environment in educational institutions also encouraged parents to send their daughter to schools.”
Besides, the number of educational institutions has also increased in the country in the recent times. This is playing a good role for the development of the women education in the country,said Prof Arefin Siddique, also former vice-chancellor of Dhaka University.
According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS)-2019, average participation of female students is 50.60 percent in the country. Of them, 51.08 percent in primary, 53.83 in secondary, 48.43 in college, 55.01 in Madrasah, 54.09 in professional education, 46.12 in teacher education, 25.34 in technical-vocational, 36.23 percent in university, 43.39 percent in English medium.
The educationist said the participation of female students is increasing day by day for various initiatives of the government including providing free textbooks to the students on the first day of New Year, giving stipends and school feeding programme.
The women are also ahead compared to their male counterpart in academic results and pass rates. The latest Junior School Certificate (JSC) and Junior Dakhil Certificate (JDC) examinations result published in 2019 show that 2.5 lakh more female students passed the exams compared to the male student. In both the exams, 32,548 male students got GPA 5 while 45,883 female students got GPA 5 that means over 13,337 more female students achieved GPA 5 compared to male students.
Nearly two lakh more female students passed the Primary Education Completion (PEC) examination of 2019 than the male students while 43,186 more female students got GPA 5 compared to the male students.
In the SSC exam of 2019, the pass rate and the number of female GPA-5 holders is higher than the number of male students. The pass rate of male students was 81.13 and the pass rate of female students was 83.28 percent.
Meanwhile, the pass rate of female student was 76.44 percent while male student pass rate was 71.67 percent in HSC exam in 2019. A total of 24,576 male students got GPA 5 against 22,710 female students who achieved GPA 5.
In February 26, last year, a total of 172 meritorious students from public and private universities were awarded “Prime Minister Gold Medal 2018” for their academic achievements.
Out of the 172 students, 84 are male while 88 female students from 36 universities, who secured the highest marks or CGPA in their faculties, got the Prime Minister Gold Medal.
The female are also performing goods in job markets through their good academic results and performance. The number of female applicants and recommended candidates in BCS, the most competitive examination in Bangladesh, is increasing day by day.
The results of recent BCS exams show a picture of women moving forward in the country. In the 34th BCS exam, 32.35 per cent of the applicants were women while 35.62 percent female got recommendation for the appointment.
The female applicant rate in the 35th BCS was 33.34 per cent and 27.92 percent women was recommended, 33.13 percent women participated in 36th BCS and 26.22 percent got recommendation, 34.82 per cent applicants was women and 24.60 per cent recommended in 37th BCS, 27 percent candidates recommended for 38th BCS was women and percentage of women applicants in the 39th BCS was 56.35 percent and 46.81 percent women recommended for the BCS job.