NEW DELHI: Joe Biden’s first year in office could go down in history as a record-breaker on the job-creation front, with an explosion in hiring expected as the coronavirus vaccine rollout allows Americans to emerge from a year in hiding, report agencies.
Only slightly more than half of the 22 million jobs lost in the pandemic were regained by the end of last year. Even if 2021 hiring shatters the post-World War Two record of 4.27 million jobs created in 1984, roughly a quarter of those who lost work could still be on the sidelines, with bleak prospects for regaining their vocations in an economy reshaped by the pandemic.As Biden took the oath of office on Wednesday, the job market awaiting him presents a monumental challenge.
Just a year ago, a record-long expansion was creating more opportunities and higher pay for women, minorities and other workers on the margins. These same groups - key to his election victory - were disproportionately harmed by pandemic job losses in service-sector jobs that face the longest road to recovery.
“It’s not only about recouping what we’ve lost, it’s recouping what could have been,” said Diane Swonk, chief economist for Grant Thornton. “You need a lot of tail wind to get there.”
Biden unveiled an ambitious $1.9 trillion plan last week for shoring up the economy by enhancing jobless benefits and providing more direct cash payments to households.
A second phase of his plan is expected to boost job creation through investments in infrastructure, clean energy projects and education. It is unclear how many of his proposals will pass through Congress, but Democrats’ slim majority in the Senate may help.
Janet Yellen, the former Federal Reserve Chair and Biden’s nominee for Treasury Secretary, urged lawmakers on Tuesday to act aggressively. “Without further action, we risk a longer, more painful recession now — and long-term scarring of the economy later,” Yellen said during her confirmation hearing.That fiscal support, if delivered, could be bolstered by another tailwind: Easy monetary policy from the Fed.
Fed officials committed last year to a new framework that aims for “broad-based and inclusive” employment. Under the new approach, policymakers will no longer raise interest rates preemptively when the labor market is heating up in anticipation of faster inflation.
Instead, rates will stay low for longer, giving the economy more time to benefit disadvantaged workers.