Adolescents in Bangladesh use the internet and mobile phones in multifarious ways to build their confidence through learning new skills and engaging with global and local movements.
A qualitative survey conducted by BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD) among 64 school-going male and female adolescents of 8th grade highlighted positive outcome of technology use among adolescents.However, only certain groups of adolescents can enjoy these opportunities, said a press release on Wednesday.
Through focus group discussions and in-depth interviews, the researchers found that adolescent girls, specifically from the middle or lower socioeconomic classes and from rural areas, use their parents’ or siblings’ mobile phones, implying that the time they spend on the devices is limited as they “snatch” bits of time in between uses by the person owning them.
These girls are also limited by physical mobility and strict supervision of their parents, which means that they cannot access public Wi-Fi or go out to buy mobile data.
The survey, conducted in one English medium school and three Bangla medium schools spanning across Central Dhaka, an urban slum and a village in Cumilla from July 2019 to February 2020, also uncovered negative biases in the minds of the parents and teachers who were interviewed as a part of the sample.
Parents were found to be worried about possible romantic relationships their children may get involved in, and were unwilling to believe that adolescents can use the internet for educational purposes.
So they invariably monitor their daughters’ use of mobile phones and internet more closely than that of sons. Even teachers reported being providing more opportunity for boys to use computers in ICT labs, assuming their interest and skills over girls.Findings from the study, conducted under the Gender and Adolescence Global Evidence (GAGE) Responsive Research and Evaluation Fund, were shared at a webinar titled “Adolescent Voice and Agency through ICT and Mobile Use.”
"Through our ‘accelerating protection for children’ project, we are doing our best for the adolescents,” said Kazi Rowshan Akhter, Secretary, Ministry of Women and Children’s Affairs, who attended the event as the chief guest.
“The key components of the project are empowerment of adolescents, capacity building and quality services, supporting policy formulation and advocacy, monitoring and knowledge management and communication for development,” he added
Maheen Sultan, Senior fellow of practice, BIGD said, "BIGD has been involved with gender and adolescent global evidence programme since its beginning in 2015. One of the important things that we aim to explore is which strategies are most effective in transforming adolescent boys and girls lives at a special point in times.”
When we were carrying out the work in 2018, looking at adolescent lives and transitions in urban slums in Dhaka, we found that, one of the areas which we haven't realised was too important was the importance of access to mobile phones ICT Technology," she said.
Dr Imran Matin, Executive Director, BIGD said, "We have started a whole initiative around inclusive digitization or digitization for inclusive development, where we want to bring in strong social science research perspective to ensure that the vision and the ambition of Digital Bangladesh benefits and creates an impact on lives of people.”
Lopita Huq, Research Fellow, BIGD presented the key findings of the survey. Mosharraf Hossain Bhuiyan, Senior Adviser, BIGD; Silvia Guglielmi, Qualitative Researcher, GAGE; JunnatulFerdosh (Ani), National Consultant - Educational Innovation, a2i; Sabrina Shaheed, Principal, Sir John Wilson School; Dr Ananya Raihan, CEO, iSocial also shared thoughts at the webinar. Dr Imran Matin, Executive Director, BIGD presided over the session.