The United Nations and World Bank have urged countries around the world to keep schools open despite Covid-19 risks, pointing to the negative impact of the spring lockdown on children’s education – especially in poorer countries.
According to a new report published Thursday by UNESCO, UNICEF and the World Bank also said it is essential for countries to invest immediately in school systems to reduce the widening gap between the education provided in poor and rich countries because of the pandemic.The joint report said schoolchildren in low-and
lower-middle-income coun-tries have already lost nearly four months of schooling since the start of the pandemic, compared to six weeks of loss in high-income countries.
“Prioritising reopening schools and providing much-needed catch-up classes are critical,” said Robert Jenkins, Education Chief at the UN children’s fund UNICEF, adding “We don’t need to look far to see the devastation the pandemic has caused to children’s learning across the world.”
The devastation is magnified as limited access to remote learning, increased risks of budget cuts and delayed plans in reopening have thwarted any chance of normalcy for schoolchildren, he said.
The report compiles findings from surveys on national education responses to COVID-19 carried out in nearly 150 countries between June and October.
Schoolchildren in low-and lower-middle income countries were the least likely to access remote learning, the least likely to be monitored on their learning loss, the most likely to have delays to their schools reopening and the most likely to attend schools with inadequate resources to ensure safe operations, the report finds.While more than two-thirds of countries have fully or partially reopened their schools, 1 in 4 have missed their planned reopening date or not yet set a date for reopening, most of which are low- and lower-middle-income countries.
Only 1 in 5 low-income countries reported that remote learnings days count as official school days, recognising the low-impact of remote learning measures, compared to three-quarters of countries globally, reads the report.
Of 79 countries which responded to questions related to financing, nearly 40 per cent of low-and lower-middle-income countries have either already experienced or anticipate decreases to their country’s education budget for the current or next fiscal year.
While most countries reported that student learning is being monitored by teachers, a quarter of low- and lower-middle-income countries are not tracking children’s learning.
Half of respondents in low-income countries reported not having adequate funds for safety measures such as handwashing facilities, social distancing measures and protective equipment for students and teachers, compared to 5 per cent of high-income countries.
Around 2 in 3 of low-income countries were introducing measures to support access or inclusion for those at risk of exclusion.
More than 90 per cent of high- and upper-middle-income respondents required teachers to continue teaching during school closures, compared to less than 40 per cent of low-income country respondents.
“The pandemic will notch up the funding gap for education in low and middle-income countries. By making the right investment choices now, rather than waiting, this gap could be significantly reduced,” said Stefania Giannini, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Education.
“At the Global Education Meeting convened by UNESCO with Ghana, Norway and the UK on 22 October, some 15 heads of state and government, close to 70 education ministers and development partners committed to protect education funding and act to safely reopen schools, support all teachers as frontline workers and narrow the digital divide. This holds us all to account.”