Judgement in Islam

Md Abu Talha

24 July, 2020 12:00 AM printer

Judgement in Islam

Judgement is a moral virtue. Many problems in society can be resolved through fair judgement. The Prophet of Islam, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH), declared: “There are seven categories of people to whom Allah, the Exalted, will give shelter under His shade on the Day of Judgement when there will be no shade except His [One] the just leader.”(Muslim)

 Allah, The Exalted, declares in the holy Qur’an: “Allah commands justice and fair dealing...” (Surah an Nahl, Ayat-90). In another Ayat, “O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for Allah, witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do.” (Surah al Ma’idah, Ayat-8) 

Islam is a religion where fair judgement has been ensured. Allah, the Most High, has said: Truly, the Almighty commands you to give back trust to those to whom they are due, and when you judge between people, to judge with justice.... (Surah An-Nisa, Ayat: 58) A woman of the Makhzoom family with good connections was found guilty of theft. For the prestige of the Quraish, some prominent people, including Asmaa Bin Zaid, interceded to save her from punishment. The Prophet (PBUH) refused to condone the crime and expressed displeasure saying, “Many communities were ruined in the past as they only punished the poor and ignored the commands of Allah, the Exalted. If Muhammad’s (My) daughter Fatima would have committed theft, her hand would have been severed.”(Bukhari) Almighty spoke to His Messenger in this manner: “O My slaves, I have forbidden injustice for My self and forbade it also for you. So avoid being unjust to one another.” (Muslim) 

Omar ibn-Al-Khattab, the second Caliph of the Muslims may the Allah, The Exalted, be pleased with him- bought a horse from a bedouin, paid its price and rode off with it. However, after travelling a little distance, the Caliph noticed some kind of defect in the horse. So, he returned to the seller, requesting him to take it back since it was defective. The man refused, telling the Caliph that the horse was perfectly healthy when it was sold to him. Omar told the man to choose a judge and the man suggested Shurayh ibn Al-Haarith Al-Kindi whom Omar accepted.  After the judge listened to the Bedouin’s testimony, he turned to Omar asking: “Was the horse normal and healthy when you bought it?” Omar replied: “Yes, it was.” Shurayh then said: “Then keep what you bought or return it as you took.” Omar looked at Shurayh in admiration saying: “Thus justice should be… Man, I give you the position of Chief Justice of Kufah in Iraq.”  This is Islamic justice, an ordinary Bedouin taking the Caliph to court, deciding which judge to go to and the Caliph accepting the judge’s decision voluntarily.

However, this leader was not an ordinary man; he was Omar ibn-Al-Khattab, one of the greatest rulers in history of mankind. Hazrat Omar (R.A.) did not threaten the Bedouin or misuse his power, neither did he tell the Bedouin that he had exceeded his authority nor that he would get back to him. No, Omar accepted the judge’s decision with all modesty. Omar (R.A.) admitted that the horse was healthy when he took it and he accepted the judgment, making the case an everlasting example of Islamic Judgement. The judge’s fairness made Omar appoint him as a judge of Kufah. He rewarded the judge for his justice and fairness and did not jail him for ruling against him. In Islamic view, judgement is an obligation. We must stand for it for all people and the fulfillment of their rights. We should stand for mercy when injustice is committed against us and our rights are violated.

In conclusion, Muslims follow a religion of peace, brotherhood and justice. A Muslim who commits an act of injustice is guilty of violating the laws of Islam.

 

The writer is a teacher of Gurukul Education Family and founder of Scholastic Online.

 


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