Speakers at a programme on Thursday said that diabetes is responsible for 4 million deaths as well as caused at least $ 727 million dollars in health expenditure in 2017 which is 12% of total expenditure on adults.
Besides, more than 1,106,500 children were living with type-1 diabetes, they said.They were addressing a seminar highlighting the importance of World Diabetes Day and the role of family members in case of diabetes at Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) campus of Dhaka Cantonment on Thursday.
Department of Medicine of AFMC organised the programme to mark the ‘World Diabetes Day’ which takes place around the world every year on November 14.
The theme of the day for this year is ‘Family and Diabetes’.
Major General Md Mustafizur Rahman, Commandant of Armed Forces Medical College, chaired the programme and Major General Md Fashiur Rahman, Director General Medical Services attended the event as chief guest.
Major General Golam Mohiuddin Chowdhury, Consultant Dental Surgeon General; Major General Md Mahbubur Rahman, Consultant Surgeon General; Major General Susane Giti, Commandant of Armed Forces Institute of Pathology and Major General Md Azizul Islam, Consultant Physician General of Bangladesh Armed Forces, were present as special guests.
Brigadier General Md Abdur Razzak, Professor and Head of Department of Medicine addressed the programme as keynote speaker.In addition, cadets from AFMC-18 batch presented on the topic ‘An Overview of Diabetes’.
Brigadier General Md Saidur Rahman, Deputy Commandant, AFMC delivered welcome speech while Kazi Nurul Haque, GM, Beximco Pharmaceuticals Ltd, gave vote of thanks in the seminar.
In their speech, the speakers highlighted the global burden and preventive aspects of diabetes as well as its complications and management aspects.
In 2017, approximately 450 million adults (22-79 years) were living with diabetes and this will rise to 629 million by 2045, they said. The proportion of people having type -2 diabetes is increasing in most of the countries. A total of 79 percent of adults with diabetes are living in low and medium income countries.
A large number of people with diabetes are within 40-60 years of age and more than 2 million live births (1 in 7) were affected by diabetes during pregnancy. Around 352 million people are at risk of developing type-2 diabetes all over the world.
In Bangladesh, 80 lakh people are suffering from diabetes where this number accounts for 19 percent of adults (15.6 percent man and 22.5 percent women).
It causes 6.4 percent of total deaths in the country. Diabetes often called a family disease because it affects others members too in the family than just the person diagnosed.
Diabetes is one of the common causes of chronic kidney disease. It is also an important risk factor for ischemic heart disease, stroke, blindness, limb amputation and various infections.
Worth mentioning acute complications of diabetes are hypoglycemia, hyperosmolar, hyperglycaemic state, diabetic ketoacidosis and sudden death. Various measures can prevent diabetes and its complications.
50 percent of type-2 diabetes is preventable. Simple measures like weight reduction, regular exercise, low carbohydrate, sugar free, low fat, high vegetable diet are important modalities to prevent diabetes.
Early diagnosis, patient education, proper management, prohibition from Alcohol, cessation of smoking, diabetic foot and eye care etc. are important for prevention of complications.
Earlier, a colourful rally was also held at AFMC campus in the morning.