Well, it happens sometimes and most of the people often visit a dentist with this complain. In dentistry this is called gingivitis. When you have that, only your gums are infected. But If you don’t treat it, the infection can travel below your gum line and into your bone. Then it becomes a more serious form of gum disease and then it will turn into periodontitis. Both gingivitis and periodontitis have been shown to raise your risk of things like diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, pneumonia, and cancer. Early detection is your best bet.
Whats the causes or risk factors of this diseases?Well, let me describe about this.
Gingivitis is common, and anyone can develop it. Factors that can increase your risk of gingivitis include:
• Poor oral care habits
• Smoking or chewing tobacco
• Older age• Dry mouth
• Poor nutrition, including vitamin C deficiency
• Dental restorations that don’t fit properly or crooked teeth that are difficult to clean
• Conditions that decrease immunity such as leukemia, HIV/AIDS or cancer treatment
• Certain drugs, such as phenytoin for epileptic seizures, and some calcium channel blockers, used for angina, high blood pressure and other conditions
• Hormonal changes, such as those related to pregnancy, menstrual cycle or use of birth control pills
• Medical conditions such as certain viral and fungal infections
Now will discuss about the sign & symptoms of gum diseses. So You can find and treat the problem before it gets serious if you know what to look for.
Take note if you notice:
• Red, swollen gums is one of the first sign your gums need attention. It typically starts with inflammation along the gum line. They may also feel tender or painful and bleed easily when you floss or brush.
• Constant Bad breath is another sign.Your mouth is a nice, warm, and wet home for millions of bacteria. They feed on plaque. Bacteria release toxins that can irritate the gums and teeth and have a foul smell.
• Gum recession occurs pockets form between the teeth and gum line, If left untreated, the supporting tissue and bone structures of the teeth can be severely damaged, and may ultimately result in tooth loss.
• Loose teeth or shifting teeth
• Pus formation
• Changes in bite
Even if you don’t notice any symptoms, you may still have some degree of gum disease. In some people, gum disease may affect only certain teeth, such as the molars. Only a dentist can recognize and determine the progression of gum disease.
Now the question is how does a dentist diagnose Gum disease? Well, During a dental exam, your dentist typically checks for these things:
• Gum bleeding,
• Swelling, firmness
• Pocket depth
• Teeth movement and sensitivity and proper teeth alignment How can gum disease be treated?
The goals of the treatments are to promote reattachment of- healthy gums to teeth; reduce swelling, the depth of pockets, the risk of infection and to stop disease progression.
Treatment options depend on the stage of disease, how you may have responded to earlier treatments.
How can gum disease be prevented ?
Taking care of your gums is as important to the long-term health of your mouth as taking care of your teeth. In fact, adults lose their teeth mostly as a result of gum disease.
Here are some measures you can take to prevent gum disease and keep your teeth for a lifetime:
1. Brush for two to three minutes, at least twice a day, with fluoridated toothpaste.
2. Floss daily to remove plaque from places your toothbrush can’t reach.
3. Eat a healthy diet. Starchy and sugary foods increase plaque, and only a healthy diet provides the nutrients necessary (vitamins A and C, in particular) to prevent gum disease.
4. Avoid cigarettes and smokeless tobacco, which may contribute to gum disease and oral cancer.
5. Be aware that certain medications can also aggravate gum disease, including oral contraceptives, antidepressants and heart medicines.
6. Have your dentist correct problems, such as faulty fillings, crowded teeth or teeth-grinding.
— Dr Adily Adib Khan, BDS (DU), Dental pixel