Dengue Epidemic

Students, jobholders worst sufferers

Mohammad Al Amin

12 September, 2019 12:00 AM printer

Most of the dengue patients admitted to hospitals across the country were students and service holders, an official report said.

The Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) has reviewed 850 dengue cases in laboratories till September 9 and found that 37 percent were students, 37 percent service holders, 13 percent homemakers, five percent businessmen and eight percent others.

It also found that of 28,161 people hospitalised with dengue fever, 37 percent were female and 37 percent male.

“Among 26,509 dengue patients, 68 percent were over 18 years’ old and 32 percent under 18 years old.”

“Among 26,509 dengue patients, the age of 28 percent patients were 15-25 years, 21 percent were 25-35 years, 17 percent were 5-15 years, 11 percent were 35-45 years, 8 percent were  45-55, 7 percent were 1-5 years, 4 percent were 55-65, 2 percent were over 65 years and 1 percent was under one year,” the IEDCR  report added.

The analysis report which has been made based on information received till September 9 this year also said there is an overall increase in dengue cases in 2019 compared to previous years both in hospitals and private practices.

“Although the number of patients increased but complications and mortality remain very low or moderate,” it added.

Mentioning that the dengue serotype DEN 3 was predominant in the patients this year in the country, the IEDCR report said the study that found that 89 per cent of the patients suffered from DEN 3.

“Other serotypes found in the IEDCR study were 1.47 per cent with DEN 1 and 0.59 per cent with DEN 1. There was no case of DEN 4. There was co-infection of serotypes in the patients with 5.29 per cent infected with DEN 2 and DEN 3 and 3.82 per cent with DEN 1 and DEN 3,” it added.

Speaking at a ‘Knowledge sharing on dengue surveillance in Bangladesh’ programme at the IEDCR head quarters in Mohakhali of the capital on Wednesday, Prof Dr Abul Kalam Azad, Director General of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) as chief guest said “The death rate in dengue disease in Bangladesh is very much low. The dengue death rate here this year is only .002 percent.”

He said the health directorate is planning to carry on activities to control dengue disease across the country including the capital round the year as the government has planned to carry out vector control programme in city, municipality and union parishad areas round the year.

“Dengue situation is declining slowly in the country now. We actually were not prepared to face such type of massive dengue outbreaks this year. But we have handled the situation with hectic efforts. We hope the number of dengue infection will remain low in next year,” the DGHS chief said.

Speaking at the programme, Prof Dr Meerjady Sabrina Flora, director of the IEDCR, said they conducted survey in Barishal, Khushtia and Gangni of Meherpur — to understand the epidemiological determinants of the dengue in the country. “The sites were selected due to comparatively higher in areas,” she said.

 Describing their analysis, she said in Barishal, the IEDCR conducted survey in 120 households in six wards and collected samples of 300 patients and found dengue larvae in six households and 19 establishments.

IEDCR collected larvae and hatched 755 adult mosquitoes in its lab and of them 14 were Aedes species with 7 Aedes albopictus and rest seven of other Aedes genesis but not Aedes aegypti, she added.

The health directorate said some 78,617 dengue patients were hospitalised across the country since January and 75,225 of them were discharged from hospitals after recovery.

“Some 96 percent patients left hospitals after treatment till Wednesday,” it added.

Health Emergency Operations Centre and Control room of the DGHS said the number of new patients stood at 634 in different hospitals in the country in the last 24 hours till 8:00am on Wednesday.

Of them, 221 patients were in the capital and 413 others elsewhere in the country.

Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) has received reports of 197 suspected deaths caused by dengue countrywide, but 60 deaths were confirmed after reviewing 101 cases, it said.

However, unofficial figures suggest a much higher death toll from dengue infection.  Around 85,000 people have been hospitalised, so far. Of them, around 180 died since January this year.

At least six more people died of dengue on Tuesday and Wednesday as the mosquito-borne viral fever continued taking toll on life, sources said.

This year, 44,201 patients were admitted to 41 private and public hospitals in the capital till Wednesday. And some 34,416 dengue patients were admitted to hospitals in the districts during the same period.

However, there is no record of patients who are being treated at private chambers. Almost all government and semi-government hospitals are providing outdoor treatment to dengue patients.

The GHS data shows some 3,165 dengue patients are being treated in hospitals. Of them, 1,434 are undergoing treatment at 41 public and private hospitals in the capital.