As the world is moving towards fourth industrial revolution, the social media impacts in daily life are increasing. With the pace of technology, the people become habituate on social media platforms as internet citizen or netizen.
In the age of social networking, we have two entities, one is physical and other is virtual (meaning existence in online world).And we need to secure our online identity properly; otherwise we may fall in target of hackers any moment. Recently Facebook and other social media accounts are getting compromised easily by hackers due to lack of awareness of end users.
Here we try to mention few steps for securing internet accounts as safer and become hard to compromise.
1. Creating profile according identity
Emphasize on Name and Date of birth according to National id otherwise when you will need help from Facebook or other legal authority you may not get response.
2. Avoiding NID share
Misuse of this vital information may bring you in serious trouble.3. Enable two factor authentications.
Two-factor authentication is a security feature that helps protect your Social media account in addition to your password. If you set up two-factor authentication, you'll be asked to enter a special login code like SMS code to confirm your login attempt. You can also get alerts when someone tries logging in from a new device.
To turn on or manage two-factor authentication in Facebook:
1. Go to your Security and Login Settings by clicking in the top-right corner of Facebook and clicking Settings > Security and Login.
2. Scroll down to Use two-factor authentication and click Edit.
3. Choose the authentication method you want to add and follow the on-screen instructions.
4. Click Enable once you've selected and turned on an authentication method.
4— Concentrate on your password:
Your Password like toothbrush. Don’t share it to others. You should be the only one who knows it.
Try to use strong password. Avoid including your name or common words. Your password should be difficult to guess.
5- Control your third party login
The majority of apps & websites give you the option to log in using your Facebook account instead of creating a new account from scratch. While this makes things easier, we often forget to revoke Facebook access for these third-party apps and websites when we stop using them. Head to Settings > Apps and websites. You will see a list of all the active apps and websites that have access to your Facebook account. You should choose the apps you want to remove from the list, as well as delete any posts that a particular app or website might have published on behalf of you.
6-- Make sure your email account(s) are secure.
It increases social media accounts hacking probability If your email account get compromised. So try to enable two factor authentication on your email as well.
7--Protect your profile picture
Your profile picture is used as a primary tool for identification on different social media. Problem is, anyone can create a fake account using your name and even your actual profile picture. To stop this from happening, Facebook has added a feature called 'Profile picture guard'. A blue shield will appear on your picture and no one will be able to share or download it anymore.
8- Learn the Signs of Malicious Software
Malicious software can infect your computer or mobile device (such as a laptop or smartphone) as well as your web browser (such as Chrome or Firefox). Here are some signs that you may be infected with malicious software:
On Facebook you will see
• Your account is posting spam or sending unwanted messages.
• Strange or suspicious log in locations are appearing in your account history.
• You see messages or posts in your activity log you don't remember sending!
On your computer or mobile device
• Your applications run slower or tasks take longer than usual to complete
• You notice new applications you don't remember installing
• You notice strange pop ups or other ads without opening a web browser
On your web browser
• You notice strange pop ups or other ads you don't remember seeing before
• Your search engine or home page has changed and you don't remember changing it.
If malicious software appears on your computer or mobile device, you'll want to remove it as quickly as possible to protect yourself.
9--Clean your web browser. You can remove suspicious browser add-ons or undo recent changes to your web browser settings. If you use Chrome, you can also download theChrome Cleanup tool for help with malicious software.
10--Update your web browser. Running the latest version of your web browser ensures you have the latest security updates.
11-- You got a message from Facebook saying a file I tried to share has a virus.
Sometimes facebook or other Social Media block uploads when they detect that a file is infected to prevent viruses from spreading to others. When a file has a virus, it means it’s being affected by malware.
If you got a warning about a file you downloaded, I recommend deleting it so it won’t harm your computer.
To avoid this happening again, be cautious of files that look like photos but end in .exe, .rar or .zip instead of .jpg or .png. Also avoid downloading and opening files from sources you don't trust.
12-Make your friends authenticators
When Facebook detects an unrecognised login or anonymous attempt, it will lock down personal account, and user wouldn’t be able to login it. The process to regain access to your account used to be a long one and complicated one, but now the social media platform allows users to simply choose up to five trusted friends who can help you regain access to your account. Go to Settings > Security and login > Choose friends to contact, and select at least two friends.
13-- Log out from facebook on other computer and devices previously logged in.
Go to Security and Login Settings. The Where You’re Logged In section lists where you’re currently logged in. Each entry includes a date, time, location and device type.
To log out of Facebook on another computer, phone or tablet:
Go to your Security and Login Settings.
Go to the section Where You're Logged In. You may have to click See
More to see all of the sessions where you're logged in.
Find the session you want to end. Click and then click Log Out.
Clicking Log Out will immediately log you out of Facebook on that device.
No steps can assure your account is cent percent safe or secure but if you follow above steps you give defense in depth to your account.
Muhammad Saddam Khaleed, a technology security professional, is with Premier Bank. He can be reached over email at [email protected]